Anaximenes was the son of Eurystratus of Miletus. He was
thought to be born around the 58th Olympiad and died in 528
BC, around the time of the 63rd Olympiad. He was thought to
have flourished around 545 BC. According to one source, he
was thought to be one of the first three philosophers of
the Western World. He was the third and last member of the
Milesian School of Natural Philosophers. The other two
before him were Thales and Anaximander. He, along with the
other two philosophers, was a philosopher of nature. He was
also the pupil of the older Anaximader. His main philosophy
was that air is the cause and creator of everything. He
believed in the gods, but thought that everything was
created by air, even the Gods themselves. "Anaximenes, son
of Eurystratus, of Miletus, declared that air is the
principle of existing things; for from it all things
come-to-be and into it they are again dissolved."{Kirk ).
"It is from air that all the things that exist , have
existed, or will exist come into being. This applies to
gods and divine things and also the rest of the
world,..."(Edwards 118) He thought that air was divine,
possessed God-like qualities, and had a life of it's own.
Sinse air was responsible for creation, it was also
responsible for evolution and change. "...that air is the
underlying principle of the universe, changes in physical
state being the result of it's condensation and
rarefaction."(Edwards 118). His belief was that when air
was rarefacted and got hot and made fire, the sun, moon,
stars, comets, and planets. And when it condensed and grew
cold it made, the winds, clouds, water, earth, and finally
stone. "The earth is flat and rides upon the air, the same
way the sun, moon, and heavenly bodies ride on it, because
they are flat."(Bornes 78) He believed that the world was
flat like a disc, and not glove shaped. "The Earth,
according to him, is broad, flat, and
shallow-tablelike."(Edwards 119) He also had the strong
belief that our soul was made of air and that air holds us
and everything else together. "He observes that as our
souls, being air (according to an ancient tradition), hold
us together, so does the cosmic Aid hold the world together
by enclosing it."(Edwards 119) His philosophy is pretty
straight forward. It shows that air, is common substance
which is everywhere, every minute of the day, and that it
is responsible for the creation, destruction, and the
change or evolution of everything. It would make sense back
then that air could be the building block of everything
because it was something that was always there. What other
purpose for it was there. It created things, kept them
alive (if they were living things), and then dissolved them
again when they died or were destroyed. Also when air got
hot lots of fires often happen, and when it gets cold there
is generally lots of wind and rain. 
Anaximenes believed air to be the primary substance of
nature. The air, he said, is ineternal motion and thus it
forms the universeexpansion.(NSE A-402)
It was a good philosophy for the time because it could be
explained in such simple terms, and could be understood
easily also. It also seemed good for the times because
advances in the study of atoms or molecules, or life in
that matter was small or non-existing for that matter. If
Anaximenes and his philosophies could be connected with the
other philosophers we've studied, he'd most closely
represent Emerson. The thing they had in common was their
philosophies on nature. They differ in the manner of nature
though. Anaximenes was concerned with air and how it
created everything, while Emerson dealt with nature as a
whole, and how it affected humans and everything else. If
we compared him with Bacon the closest thing I think we
could compare it with would be his philosophy about the
idols of the tribe, only because it dealt with the
individuality of humans, and how everyone is different. It
could be indirectly related because if air creates
everything, and everyone is different, then they're related
because air creates everyone differently, and with their
own ideas, wants, and desires. None of the other
philosophers or their philosophies we've study relate to

Bibliography "Anaximenes." Encyclopedia Americana. 2nd ed.,
1995. "Anaximenes." Britannica. 2nd ed., 1993.
"Anaximenes." New Standard Encyclopedia. 1978. Bornes,
Johnathan. Early Greek Philosophy. New York: Penguin Books,
1987. Edwards, Paul. Encyclopidia of Philosophy. New York:
Macmillan Pub. Co., 1967. Russell, Betrand. A History of
Western Philosophy. New York: Siman and Schusler.
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