Immigration & Americas Future


The world has gone through a revolution and it has changed
a lot. We have cut the death rates around the world with
modern medicine and new farming methods. For example, we
sprayed to destroy mosquitoes in Sri Lanka in the 1950s. In
one year, the average life of everyone in Sri Lanka was
extended by eight years because the number of people dying
from malaria suddenly declined.
This was a great human achievement. But we cut the death
rate without cutting the birth rate. Now population is
soaring. There were about one billion people living in the
world when the Statue of Liberty was built. There are 4.5
billion today. World population is growing at an enormous
rate. The world is going to add a billion people in the
next eleven years, that's 224,000 every day! Experts say
there will be at least 1.65 billion more people living in
the world in the next twenty years.
We must understand what these numbers mean for the U.S.
Let's look at the question of jobs. The International Labor
organization projects a twenty-year increase of 600 to 700
million people who will be seeking jobs.
Eighty-eight percent of the world's population growth takes
place in the Third World. More than a billion people today
are paid about 150 dollars a year, which is less than the
average American earns in a week. And growing numbers of
these poorly paid Third World citizens want to come to the United States.
In the 1970s, all other countries that accept immigrants
started controlling the number of people they would allow
into their countries. The United States did not. This means
that the huge numbers of immigrants who are turned down
elsewhere will turn to the United States. The number of
immigrants is staggering. The human suffering they
represent is a nightmare.
Latin America's population is now 390 million people. It
will be 800 million in the year 2025. Mexico's population
has tripled since the Second World War. One third of the
population of Mexico is under ten years of age, as a
result, in just ten years, Mexico's unemployment rate will
increase 30 percent, as these children become young adults,
in search of work. There were in 1990 an estimated four
million illegal aliens in the United States, and about 55
percent of them were from Mexico.
These people look to the United States. Human population
has always moved, like waves, to fresh lands. But for the
first time in human history, there are no fresh lands, no
new continents. We will have to think and decide with great
care what our policy should be toward immigration. At this
point in history, American immigration policies are in a
Our borders are totally out of control. Our border patrol
arrests 3000 illegal immigrants per day, or 1.2 million per
year, and Two illegal immigrants get in for every one
caught. And those caught just try again!
More than 1 million people are entering the U.S. legally
every year. >From 1983 through 1992, 8.7 million of these
newcomers arrived-the highest number in any 10-year period
since 1910. A record 1.8 million were granted permanent
residence in 1991. Because present law stresses family
unification, these arrivals can bring over their spouses,
sons and daughters: some 3.5 million are now in line to
come in. Once here, they can bring in their direct
relatives. As a result, there exists no visible limit to
the number of legal entries. 

Until a few years ago, immigrants seeking asylum were rare.
In 1975, a total of 200 applications were received in the
U.S. Suddenly, asylum is the plea of choice in the U.S.,
and around the world, often as a cover for economic
migration. U.S. applications were up to 103,000 last year,
and the backlog tops 300,000 cases. Under the present
asylum rules, practically anyone who declares that he or
she is fleeing political oppression has a good chance to
enter the U.S. Chinese are almost always admitted, for
example, if they claim that China's birth-control policies
have limited the number of children they can have.
Right now, once aliens enter the U.S., it is almost
impossible to deport them, even if they have no valid
documents. Thousands of those who enter illegally request
asylum only if they are caught. The review process can take
10 years or more, and applicants often simply disappear
while it is under way. Asylum cases are piling up faster
than they can be cleared, with the Immigration and
Naturalization Service falling farther behind every year.
At her confirmation hearings at the end of September, Doris
Meissner, Clinton's nominee as commissioner of the
Immigration and Naturalization Services, conceded, ''The
asylum system is broken, and we need to fix it.''
Adding the numbers of legal and illegal immigrants, 50
percent of all U.S. population growth comes from
immigration. While Americans try to have smaller families,
immigration threatens our nation. If immigration rates
continue to be this high, more than seventy million people
will be added to the United States population in just fifty
years, with no end in sight. We are taking in more people
than all of the rest of the world combined. As have all the
other countries of the word, America needs to control its
borders. As every house needs a door, so every country
needs a border. And yet, our borders are full of holes. We
have clearly lost control over our future. Our children
will pay the price of uncontrolled immigration.
The United States is no longer an empty continent. In 1886,
when the Statue of Liberty was built, there were 58 million
people in the United States. In 1984 there were 240 million
people, that's four times the total population in less then
a century The U.S. cannot and should not be the home of
last resort for all the world s poor, huddled masses. We
are not doing a good job with our own poor, as we see more
people without jobs.
Supporters of immigration use many arguments to support
their side. Let's look at a few of these arguments: Illegal
immigrants take jobs no Americans want. The fact is that
the average illegal immigrant arrested in Denver, Colorado,
made more than seven dollars an hour. Many were making over
100 dollars per day. Denver identified 43 illegal aliens
making 100 dollars per day as roofers, while 438 people
were registered in their employment services who would have
loved those jobs. The average illegal immigrant arrested in
Chicago makes $5.65 an hour. More than thirty million
American workers make less than that.
A common belief is that aliens fulfill many of the least
desirable jobs. However, most experts agree that in today's
economy, there is no shortage of Americans competing for
many of these same jobs. Actually, many Americans already
work in these low-paying jobs. For example: the poor black
woman, who works as a seamstress, Her boss asked her to
train a new employee, an illegal immigrant. As soon as she
finished training her new charge, she was fired. Her
position, of course, went to the illegal immigrant, who was
willing to work for less pay, and under deplorable working
conditions. This is one example of how illegal workers
depress wages, and slow, stall or prevent unionization or
improvements to working conditions.
Another myth cited by supporters of immigration is that
illegal immigrants work hard, pay taxes, and do not go on
welfare. The sad truth is that these folks seem to learn
the ropes of the welfare system with incredible speed.
Today's illegal immigrants apply for and receive benefits
from the government that citizens need. According to Donald
L. Huddle, an economist at Rice University in Texas, legal
and illegal immigrants cost the nation a net 42.5 billion
dollars in 1992. The Huddle study also found that in 1992,
more than 2 million Americans were displaced from their
jobs by illegal immigrants. This resulted in an additional
11.9 billion dollars in public assistance. 

In California alone, they cost more than 18 billion dollars
a year. California currently has an estimated 300,000
illegal immigrants now attending grades' 0-12. This will
costs the California tax payers an estimated 1.5 billion
dollars. This is 10 percent of the students currently
enrolled in our elementary schools today! California has
49.8 percent of the countries illegal aliens, therefore,
California pays multiple costs for its leaky borders.
Providing health care for illegal immigrants costs
California tax payers 400 million dollars annually.
Illegals drain about two billion dollars a year for
incarceration, schooling and Medicaid from the budgets of
such major destination states as Texas, Florida and
California. For California alone, a 1993 study by the
California Legislature estimates criminal justice costs
involving illegal immigrants to be 385 million dollars to
the state, with an additional 112 million dollars to local
or county government. This is a total cost of 497 million
dollars, paid by the California tax payer, each and every
Illinois did a study showing that it paid 66 million
dollars in unemployment benefits to illegal immigrants in
one year, despite a law that was supposed to stop illegal
immigrants from getting unemployment benefits. Los Angeles
estimates that it spends 269 million dollars in social
services on illegal immigrants each year. Every person
added to our population drains our natural resources and
contributes to the destruction of our environment.
In a Pulitzer-Prize-winning study, the Des Moines Register
found that for every person added to our population, 1.5
acres of the richest farm land goes out of production to
make way for new houses, roads, and shopping centers. If
this continues, the United States will stop shipping food
to other countries shortly after the year 2000. How can the
United States feed the hungry people of the world?
The national majority now says it favors cutting back on
legal immigration. A TIME/CNN poll determined last week
that 77 percent of those surveyed felt the government was
not doing enough to keep out illegal immigrants. For years
now, the battle has raged between the federal authorities
who are supposed to police the borders and the states who
pay the price if they fail.
In an attempt to reduce illegal immigration, Nevada Senator
Harry Reid, has introduced a bill that would establish an
annual limit of 300,000 newcomers, including ''immediate
relatives,'' and a national identification card. Congress
passed legislation in 1986 that stipulates fines and other
penalties for employers who knowingly hire illegal aliens.
The bill includes provisions to grant amnesty to illegal
aliens who were in the United States prior to January 1,
1982, and to aid farmers who have relied on illegal aliens
to harvest their crops.
Does anyone benefit from the rising tide of illegal
immigration? Businesses that can profit from employing
illegals at low wages do. And many illegals are better off
here than in their own countries. But many others are
exploited by dishonest employers and are treated like
slaves. These immigrants are denied the rights and
privileges we want every person in the United States to
In closing, we must all realize this issue will not go
away. Other generations of Americans made great sacrifices
so that we today can enjoy the freedom, the quality of
life, and the standard of living that we have. When I think
of what uncontrolled immigration will do to the dreams of
my parents and grandparents, what it will mean to the
future of my children, I realize that we will find a way to
control immigration. Because we must. 
Primary And Secondary Sources 

(These listings are in order of their importance, in
"Immigration: Identifying Propaganda Techniques"
 + Bonnie Szumski & JoAnne Buggey, Ph.D. 
College of Education, University of ' Minnesota
(Greenhaven Press 1989)
"Immigration-Opposing Viewpoints"
 + David Bender & Bruno Leone, Series Editors 
 + William Dudley, Book Editor 
(Greenhaven Press 1990)
"The Essential Immigrant"
 + Dan Lacey 
(Hippocrene Books 1990)
 + Kelly C. Anderson 
(Lucent Books 1993)
"Immigration-A pictorial History of"
 + Oscar Handlin 
(Crown Publishers 1972)
"Immigrants, Refugees, and U.S. Policy"
 + Grant S McClellan 
(H. W. Wilson Company 1981)
"Immigration and Illegal Aliens"
 + Mark A. Siegel, M.A., Ph.D. 
 + Nancy R. Jacobs, B.A., M.A. 
 + Patricia A. Von Brook, B.A., M.S. 
(Information Plus 1989)
Newsprint Articles examined from
the following publications:
 + Des Moines Register 
 + Los Angeles Times 
 + Orange County Register 
America On Line
Numerous Articles were reviewed.
A word search was performed on the system,
using the keywords:
 + Immigration 
 + Borders 
 + Aliens 
 + Liberty 
All Articles Were Transmitted Within
The Past 8 Months
Excerpts from:
 + Donald L. Huddle 
Economist, Rice University: Texas
 + Doris Meissner 
(Clinton's nominee as
Commissioner of the INS)


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