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On August 6, 1945 the atomic bomb was dropped on the
Japanese city of Hiroshima. The Enola Gay, piloted by
Colonel Tibbetts, was chosen to make the mission. The
mission was recorded as successful by Capt. William S.
Parson at 9:20 A.M. This was an extremely controversial
military strategy in the United States. Was the United
States justified in the dropping of the atomic bomb? Yes,
they were justified for many reasons. The primary reason
was, that it would stop the war. Why is it that this war
needed to be stopped so badly? Even though in some ways it
was helping our economy, it was very costly in both money
and lives. Also, the United States soldiers were undergoing
harsh treatment by the unmerciful Japanese. Another reason
the war needed to be stopped was to defend ourselves from
another attack on U.S. soil, which in turn would kill many
of our U.S. citizens. This is why the war needed to be
stopped; thus, justifying the use of the atomic bomb. World
War II was the costliest war in history, in terms of lives
lost. No exact figures exist, but approximately between 15
and 20 million military personnel were killed. Of these,
292,000 were Americans and 6,000 innocent United States
citizens were murdered by our enemies. It has been
estimated that if the United States had not dropped the
bomb and had invaded Japan instead, the United States would
have lost about a million soldiers. The Japanese suicidal
fighting strategies greatly effected this number. The
Japanese would rather die than surrender. This is
demonstrated by the battle of Saipan. At this battle over
half of the population of Saipan walked off a cliff instead
of surrendering to the United States. This was often very
effective. Many times when a Japanese soldier decided to
blow himself up instead of surrendering he would kill many
Americans with the same blast. Also the kamikaze techniques
of the Japanese fighters killed many soldiers. If this war
would have continued we could have lost thousands more.
Also up to this point we spent 300 billion dollars on war
efforts. Many materials and other objects were damaged. Any
estimate on how much money was lost in damages would be
futile. This number would have continued to rise if it had
not been for the use of the atomic bomb. The horrendous
atrocities that occurred during World War II were
unmerciful as well as unnecessary. During one invasion of
China, the rape of Nanking, the Japanese killed 100,000
Chinese civilians. They were burned, butchered, and raped.
Sometimes the Japanese would tie a big group of them
together and use them for bayonet and sword practice. After
the fall of Bataan the soldiers were forced to go on a
death march. During this march many unheard of things
happened to the soldiers. A soldier was often killed for
trying to get a drink of water. If a soldier fell down the
Japanese would either bayonet them or knock them
unconscious. Once they were knocked unconscious, the
Japanese then forced another American soldier to bury the
unconscious soldier alive. One soldier once commented, "The
worst time was once when a burial victim with about six
inches of earth over him suddenly regained consciousness
and clawed his way out until he was almost sitting upright.
Then I learned to what length a man will go to hang onto
his life. The bayonets began to prod me in the side and I
was forced to bash the soldier over the head with the
shovel and then finish burying him."(Kappler, Pg. 168) This
harsh treatment to innocent civilians and our soldiers
needed to stop. The atomic bomb was a way to stop it. On
December 7, 1941," A day that will live in infamy," Pearl
Harbor was deliberately attacked by the Japanese. Reports
indicate that 2400 people were killed and 1300 were
wounded. The reason Japan bombed Pearl Harbor was because
that was where all of our Navy ships were positioned. They
were hoping to take out the Navy and were almost
successful. The aircraft carriers were expected to be in
the harbor, but luckily were not. Although the attack may
have been a military success in the minds of the Japanese
it became a huge mistake in the final analysis. One reason
it was a mistake was it caused the U.S. to enter the war.
We were the ultimate cause to Japan losing the war.
Secondly it made the Americans angry and determined to
destroy the Japanese. Many congressmen volunteered for
active duty, asking for a one day respite to cast their
vote for war. Also recruiting offices were flooded with
young patriots who wanted to help there country out. This
attack was just an example of what could have happened if
the war had continued. If the war had continued another
attack on U.S. soil could have taken place. This could have
turned the 6,000 dead American civilians into 9,000 dead
civilians. That number could have kept rising until the war
was over. That is another reason the bomb needed to be
dropped to stop the war. 

The war was a horrible thing. It killed millions and
destroyed the lives of millions more. It lasted six years
and could have lasted longer; with death and destruction
increasing every year. Ending such a horrible thing should
be reason enough to drop the atomic bomb. The cruelty of
the Japanese at such places as Bataan and Nanking was
horrible and needed to be stopped. Although the atomic bomb
caused much death devastation it indirectly saved lives.
America made their power known by frightening other
European powers. This bombing has serviced to prohibit
future attacks on American soil. The atomic bomb was the
best solution. The atomic bomb may have killed thousands,
but it saved millions. 


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