Winter Will Be Here Soon -- Study hard as finals approach...


 
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Brief Look at the Renaissance

 

The Renaissance, which began in Italy in 1300s, was one of the 
largest periods of growth and development in Western Europe. The 
increase in trade caused a abundance in wealth that resulted in the 
focusing of the arts. Such things as literature, paintings, sculptures 
and many more works are known to have blossomed from the period known 
as the Renaissance. Many other important occurrences , such as the 
Reformation and split of the Roman Catholic Church caused by the 
opposing views of Martin Luther and more of a focus on humankind 
called humanism, also the eight crusades to retake Jerusalem from the
Muslims, played key rolls in the period of the Renaissance.

 The Crusades which took place before the period of the 
Renaissance are a major factor in the coming about or "birth" of the
Renaissance. The eight Crusades were the efforts to take back 
Jerusalem from the Muslims. These Crusades introduced to Western 
Europe the new tastes of art, fine quisines and new types of cloth, 
including silk.. With this the need for trade with the Far East 
increased drastically. This increase in trade caused an abundance of 
wealth in Western Europe which intern brought new products and goods 
to Western Europe. 

 In the year 1305 the Roman Catholic Church was relocated from 
Rome to France. With this the power of the papal states was divided 
among the region's leading families. Starting near the year 1300 the 
demand for reform began to grow at a rapid pace. By the 1600's close 
to half of the practicing Catholics in western Europe had left the 
Church to join one of the new reformer religious groups. This reform 
brought about new ways of thought and new attitudes towards religion 
and the human race. The young German scholar realized that the way to 
salvation was "justification by faith." Martin Luther's beliefs were 
deemed to be heretic in nature and he was hidden away by a German 
prince.

 The word Renaissance means a "rebirth". This is exactly what 
happened after the Crusades and split of the Roman Catholic church. A 
rebirth of ideas was their outcome. The most drastic change took place 
in art. New perspectives were created by such people as Giotto, 
Tommaso Masaccio, and Filippo Brunelleschi. With these new 
perspectives came a new age of art within the Renaissance. Many new 
painters learned about using shades of light and dark to create the 
illusion of depth, along with new techniques to make paintings more 
realistic. 

 The Renaissance was truly the "rebirth" of lost ideas along with 
the birth of new ideas. The Split of the Church and the eight Crusades 
to recapture Jerusalem are two of the many reasons for the "birth" of 
the Renaissance, yet both are important to the birth of the 
Renaissance. Without the Crusades, which brought back lost works from 
the Roman Empire and opened trade with the far east, and the split of 
the Roman Catholic Church, which brought about the reformation of the 
church, there wouldnt have been enough of a basis for the Renaissance 
to occur.

 




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