Causes of the French Revolution

 

The statement citing the essential cause of the French 
Revolution as the "collision between a powerful, rising bourgeoisie 
and an entrenched aristocracy defending it's privileges" has great 
pertinence in summarizing the conflict of 1789. The causes of the
French Revolution, being provoked by this collision of powers, was the 
Financial debt of the government and the long-standing political 
differences in the government.

 Over the course of twenty-five years after the Seven Years' War, 
the government of France--the Bourgeoisie royalty, could not manage 
it's finances on a sound basis. This was worsened when France aided 
the American Revolution against Great Britain. The Government had 
reached great financial debt. The problem lied and continued because 
of the government's inability to tap the wealth of the French nation 
by taxation. There was a great paradox in France being a rich nation 
with a government in poverty. The deteriorating finances of the 
government is what triggered the prolonged differences between the 
Bourgeoisie and the aristocracy.

 The political differences between the monarchy and the nobles 
came about after the Seven Years' war also. The increasing debt of the 
government escalated the hope for the monarchy to resume a "absolute 
power" status as it did with Louis XIV. However this could not be 
accomplished because of the doubt that the public had towards the 
present kings Louis XV and Louis XVI, and the public could not be 
swayed to help. The only result of the attempts for absolutism by the 
monarchy were a series of new and increase taxes on the nobles. The 
aristocracy immediately reacted to these taxes as declaring them 
unfair and would not accept them. Louis XV began with a series of 
Financial advisors chancellors which all had the intention of saving 
the monarchy from financial ruin. They made many attempts at taxation, 
such as a land tax, but each of these were defeated by the nobles -- 
the Parlements were even destroyed for a brief time, but were later 
restored by Louis XVI in attempt to gain public support. The 
government continued to become poorer and poorer and it seemed the 
only successful taxation was done towards the peasants, whom had the 
least money. The monarchy eventually fell and caused great unrest 
leading to the French Revolution.

 The French Revolution was caused by the escalating rivalry 
between the monarchy and the aristocracy. The conflict would make an 
impact on all of Europe to come and even world history. All this 
turmoil was caused by a bunch of greedy Nobles and kings which wanted 
power and money. It seems this problem repeats history, even today -- 
because big money-makers, like Texas Oil Ranchers, wouldn't pay to fix 
pollution problems early on it eventually lead and is still leading to 
great conflict for the future. 

 


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