Winter Will Be Here Soon -- Study hard as finals approach...


 
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French Revolution

 

The statement citing the essential cause of the French
Revolution as the "collision between a powerful, rising
bourgeoisie and an entrenched aristocracy defending it's
privileges" has great pertinence in summarizing the
conflict of 1789. The causes of the French Revolution,
being provoked by this collision of powers, was the
Financial debt of the government and the long-standing
political differences in the government.
 
Over the course of twenty-five years after the Seven Years'
War, the government of France--the Bourgeoisie royalty,
could not manage it's finances on a sound basis. This was
worsened when France aided the American Revolution against
Great Britain. The Government had reached great financial
debt. The problem lied and continued because of the
government's inability to tap the wealth of the French
nation by taxation. There was a great paradox in France
being a rich nation with a government in poverty. The
deteriorating finances of the government is what triggered
the prolonged differences between the Bourgeoisie and the
aristocracy.
 
The political differences between the monarchy and the
nobles came about after the Seven Years' war also. The
increasing debt of the government escalated the hope for
the monarchy to resume a "absolute power" status as it did
with Louis XIV. However this could not be accomplished
because of the doubt that the public had towards the
present kings Louis XV and Louis XVI, and the public could
not be swayed to help. The only result of the attempts for
absolutism by the monarchy were a series of new and
increase taxes on the nobles. The aristocracy immediately
reacted to these taxes as declaring them unfair and would
not accept them. Louis XV began with a series of Financial
advisors chancellors which all had the intention of saving
the monarchy from financial ruin. They made many attempts
at taxation, such as a land tax, but each of these were
defeated by the nobles -- the Parlements were even
destroyed for a brief time, but were later restored by
Louis XVI in attempt to gain public support. The government
continued to become poorer and poorer and it seemed the
only successful taxation was done towards the peasants,
whom had the least money. The monarchy eventually fell and
caused great unrest leading to the French Revolution.
 
The French Revolution was caused by the escalating rivalry
between the monarchy and the aristocracy. The conflict
would make an impact on all of Europe to come and even
world history. All this turmoil was caused by a bunch of
greedy Nobles and kings which wanted power and money. It
seems this problem repeats history, even today -- because
big money-makers, like Texas Oil Ranchers, wouldn't pay to
fix pollution problems early on it eventually lead and is
still leading to great conflict for the future. 
 



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