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How the Treaty of Versailles Effected Germany

 

Wen World War I ended on November 11, 1918, peace talks
went on for months due to the Allied leaders wanting to
punish the enemy and "dividing the spoils of war." A formal
agreement to end the war was made and called the Treaty of
Versailles. The issue that took the most time were the
territorial issues because the empires of Russia,
Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman, and Germany had collapsed.
These fallen empires had to be divided up and America's
President Woodrow Wilson, Georges Clemenceau of France,
Vittorio Orlando of Italy, and David Lloyd George of Great Britain, were the main deciders of this deal. During 1918,
Russia was knocked out of the war due to military defeats
and the Bolshevik Revolution. Even though Russia had not
been part of the Central Powers, Germany seized much of
western Russia. After many months of arguing, the four men
had made western Russia into the nations of Finland,
Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, and Poland. The Treaty of
Versailles was either a treaty of peace or a vengeance for
the Germans. In April of 1919, Germany was previously
captured and made to wait in a small house that was
surrounded with barbed wire. The Allied, who captured
Germany, wanted to make a peace treaty to end the fighting.
The Germans agreed, but they wanted a treaty that was based
on the Fourteen Points but obviously they were not going to
get it because of the way they were treated; the barbed
wire was unnecessary and "should have tipped them off to
what lay ahead." When the treaty was first introduced to
the Germans, they declined to sign it. It forced the
Germans to accept full responsibility for the war and strip
themselves of its colonies, coal fields, and the provinces
of Alsace and Lorraine. It also made them pay outrageous
reparations to the Allies. Nevertheless, on June 28, 1919,
the Germans reluctantly signed the treaty because the
Allies refused to change one word. Out of the $33 billion
dollars the Germans had to pay for damages, the country was
only able to pay $4.5 billion of it. The terms of the
Treaty of Versailles helped set the stage for another world
war less than 20 years later because the Allied wanted to
stop Germany from ever becoming imperialistic again and
still have them pay the war reparations. Germany opposed
these actions and was the most effected by the terms of the
Versailles Treaty. Germany got the blunt end of the war and
was desperate to find a new leader to get out of their
depression. That leader was Adolf Hitler. World War I was
won by the Allied in which a formal agreement was made
called the Versailles Treaty. It both brought peace and war
in the coming years. Due to the harsh life styles it forced
Germany to live, World War II broke out within twenty years
time from the treaty. 

 




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