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The Renaissance


The Renaissance, which began in Italy in 1300s, was one
of the largest periods of growth and development in Western
Europe. The increase in trade caused a abundance in wealth
that resulted in the focusing of the arts. Such things as
literature, paintings, sculptures and many more works are
known to have blossomed from the period known as the
Renaissance. Many other important occurrences , such as the
Reformation and split of the Roman Catholic Church caused
by the opposing views of Martin Luther and more of a focus
on humankind called humanism, also the eight crusades to
retake Jerusalem from the Muslims, played key rolls in the
period of the Renaissance.
 The Crusades which took place before the period of the
Renaissance are a major factor in the coming about or
"birth" of the Renaissance. The eight Crusades were the
efforts to take back Jerusalem from the Muslims. These
Crusades introduced to Western Europe the new tastes of
art, fine quisines and new types of cloth, including silk..
With this the need for trade with the Far East increased
drastically. This increase in trade caused an abundance of
wealth in Western Europe which intern brought new products
and goods to Western Europe. 
 In the year 1305 the Roman Catholic Church was relocated
from Rome to France. With this the power of the papal
states was divided among the region's leading families.
Starting near the year 1300 the demand for reform began to
grow at a rapid pace. By the 1600's close to half of the
practicing Catholics in western Europe had left the Church
to join one of the new reformer religious groups. This
reform brought about new ways of thought and new attitudes
towards religion and the human race. The young German
scholar realized that the way to salvation was
"justification by faith." Martin Luther's beliefs were
deemed to be heretic in nature and he was hidden away by a
German prince.
 The word Renaissance means a "rebirth". This is exactly
what happened after the Crusades and split of the Roman
Catholic church. A rebirth of ideas was their outcome. The
most drastic change took place in art. New perspectives
were created by such people as Giotto, Tommaso Masaccio,
and Filippo Brunelleschi. With these new perspectives came
a new age of art within the Renaissance. Many new painters
learned about using shades of light and dark to create the
illusion of depth, along with new techniques to make
paintings more realistic. 
The Renaissance was truly the "rebirth" of lost ideas along
with the birth of new ideas. The Split of the Church and
the eight Crusades to recapture Jerusalem are two of the
many reasons for the "birth" of the Renaissance, yet both
are important to the birth of the Renaissance. Without the
Crusades, which brought back lost works from the Roman
Empire and opened trade with the far east, and the split of
the Roman Catholic Church, which brought about the
reformation of the church, there wouldnt have been enough
of a basis for the Renaissance to occur.
As a final note: I have learned much in the time I have
spent in your class and hope to see you in my future. Have
a wonderful summer Ms. Makely and dont work too hard. Your
student Ed. 


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