Similarities and the Differences Between Single Party Rule


In Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia Between 1933 and

Fascism as apposed to Communism
Why is it that Germany's fascism lasted a relatively short
time compared to Russia's communism? The regimes
established under Hitler and Stalin were incredibly similar
with respect to the rise and control of the state. Both
systems were based on entirely different ideology and
goals. Hitler's Mein Kampf established the superiority of
the German race and the need to expand as wanted by God.
Hitler wanted the world. The government in Russia
established by Lenin was based on a book called Communist
Manifesto by Karl Marx, a call to the proletariate to unite
and rebel against their selfish employers. It is my belief
that Lenin had entirely good reasons for doing as he did,
and felt he was helping the world as apposed to Adolf
Hitler. Immediately after Lenin's death, a man very much
the same in nature as Hitler, Stalin, came to control the
Bolsheviks and throw Russia in a civil war in a quest for
power. You now have two men of equal aspirations soon to be
in control of two very similar governments.
In any rise of power, there needs to be a period of careful
planning requiring much thought. These two men had very
little history with which to work with which to model their
revolutions. Times had been changing rapidly, technological
improvements in the fields of manufacturing,
transportation, and communication made this period of time
very different from any other. Hitler spent his time
imprison writing his book, Mein Kampf, filling it full of
warped ideas of conquest and superiority of one race over
another. I think it is strange that such works would go
unnoticed with nobody left to watch a man with such
dangerous ideas. Lenin planned his revolution while in
exile in Switzerland. Then he made a deal with the German
government whereby he was hid on a train and passed through
enemy Germany to Russia. The conclusions with respect to
methods of acquiring power and controlling it when they did
get it were very much the same.
Both rulers had full run of their respective governments.
Stalin was already dictator of Russia with his power and
loyalty of the people guaranteed by the secret police, the
Cheka. This entity provided Stalin with an easy means of
destroying the opposition and weeding out the undesirable
to be sent to prison camps in Siberia, a virtual death
sentence. For Hitler to ascend to that level of power he
rammed the Enabling Act through the German Congress which
gave him the power to enact laws. Under Article 1 of his
new power, Hitler decreed the only existing party shall be
the NSDAP. With Article 2 he declared all association of,
collaboration with, and support of other parties would
result in imprisonment in camps similar to Russia's labor
camps. With Hitler's Gestapo, secret police, he enforced
those rules and used existing policies to get rid of other
unfit Germans. Political prisoners, homosexuals, Jews and
other people sent to the concentration camps were given
different colored symbols for easy identification. At this
point, no one dared speak against their country even in the
privacy of one's home lest their children let something
slip at school.
If you control people's thoughts, you control them.
Propaganda was an important tool used by both Germany and
Russia. Hitler appointed a man by the name of Joseph
Goebbles to head the Ministry of Public Enlightenment in
Germany. This man used newspapers, magazines, and radio to
spread Nazism. Even if a man bathed in thoughts of
discontent at home, he was bombarded with propaganda in
public, and at the workplace. Banners hung from building,
posters on almost every sign or lamppost. Anyone with a
suspicious look on their face was first detained, and the
sent to a prison camp. It was no longer just desirable to
be a Nazi considering the benefits like government
contracts or being able to stand first in line, but
necessary for employment. Russia employed much the same
tactics with much more emphasis on fear.
Education was virtually unheard of in the early years of
Russia, but by 1933 children were guaranteed primary
education. Huge problems resulted form the ignorance and
illiteracy, workers usually did not intentionally break
machines but did not know how to use them. In official
reports the reason for failure was terrorism by the Kulaks,
rich peasants persecuted in the same way Germany's Jews.
German education was geared toward physical aspects and the
fathering of children. Membership to the German Youth for
boys was compulsory by 1936. Emphasis was placed on
physical fitness and team sports in these youth groups.
Outstanding youths went to Adolf Hitler schools for
secondary education, and Order Castles for future party
Control of the economy and war time planning was a must for
both nations. A story likened to the fact that with
Communism you must give your cows to the government and
they give you milk back. With fascism, you got to keep your
cows and gave the milk to the government. Both systems were
command economies and state controlled. Contingency plans
were constantly drawn up and updated to fit new
circumstances. Both nations were preparing for war. Germany
was going to rule the world, Russia only wanted to defend
herself from Capitalism.
The resulting governments evolving from the two different
systems of thought were very similar. But as one can see,
the aspirations were radically different. Hitler was a
threat to everyone and needed to be dealt with. Russia kept
to themselves and bothered no one. A Cold War ensued with
Russia complete with the irrational fear of Communism,
McCarthyism, and a peace time build up of weapons followed.
Germany was crushed in battle and Russia's Iron Curtain is
being pulled down as I write. 

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