Third World Countries


What are some of the major problems faced by "Third World"
Countries today? Who should be held responsible for these
problems? Why? What has Canada done to help "Third World
Countries"? There has always been a dominant country in
the world that sets the economic standard throughout
powerful countries. Canada has always been a top rated
economic country, usually behind the United States and
other large Commonwealth countries. Starting back in the
early to mid 60's, Prime Minister of Canada, Pierre Trudeau
decided to use Canadian revenue as foreign aid. These
included "Third World". Some of the major problems faced
by "Third World" countries today include poor towns which
have had a lack of food sources due to the serious poverty,
lack of clean drinking water, lack of good sanitation
systems, lack of good living conditions, lack of jobs and
there is no industry, therefore no import or export
revenue. The governments of the "Third World" countries
have done horrible jobs of creating good living conditions
for their people and in all have not tried to bring their
country out of their economic slump. As Canada entered it
second century, Prime Minister Trudeau called for a
complete review of Canada's foreign policy. Starting in
1968 interested Canadians including politicians,
journalists, professors, business leaders, financial
experts, as well as church and labour leaders were invited
to offer opinions and advice in what was called the Trudeau
Review. The ending of this meeting brought about six
foreign policy booklets which outlined the benefits of
Canadian foreign aid. Some of these benefits included to
help the Canadian economy grow stronger, to keep Canada
independent, to work for peace and security, to promote
fairness and equality for everyone and to improve living
conditions for all people throughout the world. The
Canadian foreign policy review suggested that Canada
strengthened it's ties with Latin America. Trudeau visited
Mexico, Cuba and Venezuela in 1976. Canada's trade with
Latin America increased from $1099 million in 1970 to $3418
million in 1976. Also Canada gave an increasing amount of
development funds to a number of Latin American countries.
Canada, in 1973 had a major concern about the middle east
and made an effort to bring about a lasting peace to the
Arab-Israeli conflict. 1050 Canadian military specialists
became part of the United Nations emergency force where
they tried to maintain a cease fire by providing supplies,
transportation and communication during the 1973
peacekeeping role.
The Trudeau foreign policy review recommended that Canada
was to work hard to support the United Nations and make it
an effective organization for international co-operation.
Canada contributed heavily, and still does so, to all the
U.N organizations that are striving to help poor nations
and are working toward the disarmament of nuclear weapons
and human rights. Canada contributed the ninth largest
share of the regular annual budget to the United Nations.
Another issue that faced Canada was the fact that China's
membership in the United Nations brought Canada into
conflict with some other U.N members, especially the United
States. Since 1966 Canada had said that it was becoming
increasingly more important that China be represented at
the U.N. At the time, the U.N only recognized the former
government of China which was established on the island of
The Canadian government prides itself on sending foreign
aid to developing countries. In the 1970's there was an
estimated 4.2 billion people on the earth, more then 2.5
billion of them were starving. It was also estimated that
by the year 2000 the starving population could double.
Canada tried very hard to provide these needy "Third World"
countries with the best possible aid.
Without the help of Canada as well as other "First World"
countries such as the United States and Australia the
"Third World" countries would not be around for this long
and would have absolutely no hope of survival.


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