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The Attack On Guadalcanal


War is a conflict that arouses through the anger of others
toward each other. War is something that could always be
avoided, yet it occurs all over the world everyday. The
current situation happening in Bosnia could have been
avoided by talking it out. Two years ago, seven men who
were in my class, murdered an innocent man going in
D'Agelos sub shop to pick up his girlfriend. He was killed
instantly when one of the young men bashed the other man
with a baseball bat over his head. For weeks after the
situation, our school focused many programs upon us about
conflict resolution. Many of the wars and battles are
fought because of differences amongst certain opinions. The
actual fighting that occurs is because the parties involved
can't or don't know how to resolve the conflict without

War has been occurring since the beginning of history. In
the United States history there has been the American
Revolution, Spanish/American War, War of 1812, Civil War,
World War, World War II, Korean War, Vietnam War, and the
Gulf War. We have also gotten involved in other conflicts
that weren't wars. The American Revolution brought about
our freedom as a union. The Civil War almost killed the
union. After the Civil War, the United States has been the
mediator in many conflicts. We were once known as the
policeman of the world.(pg 390, American History). Although
I don't think fighting is appropriate for anyone to do, we
have made the world less chaotic in many war stricken
countries. America had been pondering the idea of getting
involved in World War II to help out the Allied powers.
Pearl Harbor was the turning point of the war for the
United States. We got involved to make sure that the world
wasn't to fall in the hands of Hitler, Mussolini, or any
other dictators who were hungry for power. People at this
time felt that America should be there and it was our duty
to be there. Other wars had the opposite opinions of the
citizens of the United States. The Vietnam conflict had
people irritated because we were involved. Many people
thought that we shouldn't have gotten involved with

My grandfather was in the Armed Forces, Navy, during the
time of World War II. His name is John Shea. He is a
bandleader and plays drums. He just celebrated his 50th
wedding anniversary and 40th anniversary at playing at
Mosley's Ballroom. He held many jobs while playing for all
these years. He was in the Navy for five years, three
months, and two days. He was a reserve for many years
after. He is still a current member of the Ancient and
Honorable group. He was in the military when Pearl Harbor
was bombed. His opinion on this was a sneak attack on the
United States. He was upset and angry that they would do
this. He doesn't hate Japanese people though. 

Five weeks after Pearl Harbor, he was being shipped out of
the Brooklyn Naval Yard to head to the Pacific Ocean. They
traveled down the coast of America and crossed through the
Panama Canal. They traveled to such islands as Baton, the
Philippines, New Caledonia, and Australia. They arrived at
their destination, Guadalcanal. Guadalcanal was the first
offensive attack on the Japanese. This battle started the
Pacific front and the battles that followed. The United
States had a great strategy to beat the Japanese. After the
Midway victory, General MacArthur and Admiral Nimitz wanted
to exploit the victory by having a speedy change-over from
the defensive to the counteroffensive in the Pacific. (pg.
356, History of the Second World War). The Joint Chiefs of
Staff decided on having a meeting to discuss a strategy.
The outcome of the meeting came on July 2nd. It stated that
the offensive was to be carried out in three stages. The
first stage was to be the occupation of Santa Cruz island
and the eastern Solomon Islands. 

The most important of these islands was to be the islands
Tulagi and most important, Guadalcanal. The second stage
was to capture the rest of the Solomons and the New Guinea
coast as far as the Huon Peninsula. The remaining stage was
the capturing of Rabaul, the main Japanese base in the
south-west Pacific. (pg 356, History...Second World War).
Both MacArthur and Nimitz were disappointed because they
immediately wanted to go after Rabaul. My grandfather
arrived off the coast of Guadalcanal in December of 1942.
He was in the infantry. He was the leader of the band that
was on the ship. He said that it was a harsh battle that
the Americans eventually won. A reconasence pilot had made
a statement that the Japanese were building an airstrip at
Lunga Point. An airstrip this close to America and in the
Pacific made Guadalcanal the primary target. 

Military historians regard the attack on Guadalcanal a
defensive maneuver to protect American supply lines. (pg
269, The War 1939-1945, Snyder). 



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