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Dropping the Atomic Bomb


On August 6, 1945 the atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese 
city of Hiroshima. The Enola Gay, piloted by Colonel Tibbetts, was 
chosen to make the mission. The mission was recorded as successful by 
Capt. William S. Parson at 9:20 A.M. This was an extremely 
controversial military strategy in the United States. Was the United 
States justified in the dropping of the atomic bomb? Yes, they were 
justified for many reasons. The primary reason was, that it would stop 
the war. Why is it that this war needed to be stopped so badly? Even 
though in some ways it was helping our economy, it was very costly in 
both money and lives. Also, the United States soldiers were undergoing 
harsh treatment by the unmerciful Japanese. Another reason the war 
needed to be stopped was to defend ourselves from another attack on 
U.S. soil, which in turn would kill many of our U.S. citizens. This is 
why the war needed to be stopped; thus, justifying the use of the 
atomic bomb. World War II was the costliest war in history, in terms 
of lives lost. No exact figures exist, but approximately between 15 
and 20 million military personnel were killed. Of these, 292,000 were 
Americans and 6,000 innocent United States citizens were murdered by 
our enemies. It has been estimated that if the United States had not 
dropped the bomb and had invaded Japan instead, the United States 
would have lost about a million soldiers. The Japanese suicidal 
fighting strategies greatly effected this number. The Japanese would 
rather die than surrender. This is demonstrated by the battle of 
Saipan. At this battle over half of the population of Saipan walked 
off a cliff instead of surrendering to the United States. This was 
often very effective. Many times when a Japanese soldier decided to 
blow himself up instead of surrendering he would kill many Americans 
with the same blast. Also the kamikaze techniques of the Japanese 
fighters killed many soldiers. If this war would have continued we 
could have lost thousands more. Also up to this point we spent 300 
billion dollars on war efforts. Many materials and other objects were 
damaged. Any estimate on how much money was lost in damages would be 
futile. This number would have continued to rise if it had not been 
for the use of the atomic bomb. The horrendous atrocities that 
occurred during World War II were unmerciful as well as unnecessary. 
During one invasion of China, the rape of Nanking, the Japanese killed 
100,000 Chinese civilians. They were burned, butchered, and raped. 
Sometimes the Japanese would tie a big group of them together and use 
them for bayonet and sword practice. After the fall of Bataan the 
soldiers were forced to go on a death march. During this march many 
unheard of things happened to the soldiers. A soldier was often killed 
for trying to get a drink of water. If a soldier fell down the 
Japanese would either bayonet them or knock them unconscious. Once 
they were knocked unconscious, the Japanese then forced another 
American soldier to bury the unconscious soldier alive. One soldier 
once commented, "The worst time was once when a burial victim with 
about six inches of earth over him suddenly regained consciousness and 
clawed his way out until he was almost sitting upright. Then I learned 
to what length a man will go to hang onto his life. The bayonets began 
to prod me in the side and I was forced to bash the soldier over the 
head with the shovel and then finish burying him."(Kappler, Pg. 168) 
This harsh treatment to innocent civilians and our soldiers needed to 
stop. The atomic bomb was a way to stop it. 	On December 7, 1941," 
A day that will live in infamy," Pearl Harbor was deliberately 
attacked by the Japanese. Reports indicate that 2400 people were 
killed and 1300 were wounded. The reason Japan bombed Pearl Harbor was 
because that was where all of our Navy ships were positioned. They 
were hoping to take out the Navy and were almost successful. The 
aircraft carriers were expected to be in the harbor, but luckily were 
not. Although the attack may have been a military success in the minds 
of the Japanese it became a huge mistake in the final analysis. One 
reason it was a mistake was it caused the U.S. to enter the war. We 
were the ultimate cause to Japan losing the war. Secondly it made the 
Americans angry and determined to destroy the Japanese. Many 
congressmen volunteered for active duty, asking for a one day respite 
to cast their vote for war. Also recruiting offices were flooded with 
young patriots who wanted to help there country out. This attack was 
just an example of what could have happened if the war had continued. 
If the war had continued another attack on U.S. soil could have taken 
place. This could have turned the 6,000 dead American civilians into 
9,000 dead civilians. That number could have kept rising until the war 
was over. That is another reason the bomb needed to be dropped to stop 
the war.

 The war was a horrible thing. It killed millions and destroyed 
the lives of millions more. It lasted six years and could have lasted 
longer; with death and destruction increasing every year. Ending such 
a horrible thing should be reason enough to drop the atomic bomb. The 
cruelty of the Japanese at such places as Bataan and Nanking was 
horrible and needed to be stopped. Although the atomic bomb caused 
much death devastation it indirectly saved lives. America made their 
power known by frightening other European powers. This bombing has 
serviced to prohibit future attacks on American soil. The atomic bomb 
was the best solution. The atomic bomb may have killed thousands, but 
it saved millions.



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