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Summary of Orwell's 1984


Summary Chapter 1 and 2

 We are introduced to Winston Smith the main character of the story.
Works at Ministry of truth. Ministry of truth is one of four 
government buildings in destroyed London, the main city of Airstrip 
One, a province of Oceania. Year is 1984 and three contries are at 
war, Oceania, Eurasia and Eastasia. Oceania is run by the party whose 
leader is Big Brother. Winston is sick of his life in the ruined city 
and decides to keep a diary. This is against the law in Oceania. He 
felt his feelings begin to hate Emmanuel Goldstein, leader of the 
enemy party. He also spots O'Brien, a party leader whose eyes he 
see's a bit of political sympthy. See's young girl who he dislikes. 
He feels it is only a matter of time before his though crimes are 
detected. A knock at the door he thinks is police. Mrs. Parsons, his 
neighbor is at the door and asked him to unclog a sink. He does it 
but smells sweat all over the apartment. Mrs. Parsons is a follower 
of party doctrine and a fellow employee at the ministry. The children 
are members of Spies, a youth that encourages spying and telling
on traitors, including parents. Winston is revolted. He returns home 
and writes a couple more minutes before going back to work. He 
remenbers a dream where O'Brien tole him he would meet him in a place 
wher there is no darkness. He washes his hands and hides the diary


 Major ideas, conflicts and themes are introduced. We are shown how 
the earth has changed, into 3 main contenients. we are also 
introduced to the main character and how he fits into the new world. 
Also we are shown how the computer age has taken over peoples minds. 
The language is easy to understand, it has not really changed much 
over time. Seems like nothing left after nuclear war, just ruins 
remaining. We are introduced to Tom Parsons which Winston is 
contrasted with. The city is very drab.

"Big brother is watching you, the caption beneath it said"
"Thoughtcrime was not a thing that could be concealed for ever."

Summary Chapter 3,4 and 5

 Waking from dreams, he remembers his mother and sister, and can 
barely remember their disappearence and feels responsible for there 
deaths. He has another dream where he is in the perfect countryside 
with the girl he had noticed eariler. He dreamed she stripped for 
him. This time he is woken up by the telescreen, telling him to do 
his exercises. He thinks about how much power the Party has over all 
information. Begins work at the ministry of truth. His job is to 
correct printed articles in line with the Party's orders. The 
Ministry and records department jobs are to rewrite history to make 
the party look good. They get a break because of the 2 minute hate. 
When he gets back he replaces a speech by Big Brother with invented 
history. Makes up story about a man named Ogilvy. The article had 
become contrary to the present party policy. It is replaced as
though is never existed. Winston meets Syme, a philologist, for lunch.
Syme explains parts about Newspeak. They are joined by Parsons. 
Winston thinks of the fate that each co-worker will recieve. Syme 
will be vapourized because he is to smart, where Parsons is dull 
enough to escape vapourization. He is the only one who has not been 
taken over by the propaganda that is always being brodcast. He 
notices the same girl from the other day starring at him and thinks it 
is the thought police.


 The Golden country that he dreams about is definatly a release or a
freedom from the the drabness of London. Also from the party. We are
introduced to the fact that he has no mother or father or sisters or
brothers anymore because they were taken by the party. He is realizing 
that he is rebelling against the party and he understands that he is 
at risk. Winston is in search of the truth and is concerned because of 
the party's ability to change history. We find that he likes his work 
even though it is for the party and against morals. He is introduced 
to the girl that will play a big part in the book most likely.

"People in the Records Department did not talk readily about there 
"Winstons greatest pleasure in life was his work"

Summary Chapter 6,7 and 8

 He records in his diary and encounter a couple of years ago with a
prostiture mad up to look young, but was really and old woman. This 
menory of the encounter causes him to think of the policy regarding 
sex and marriage which the party has enforced. Thsi causes him to 
theink of his miserable life with his wife Katherine, that he has not 
seen in eleven years. Winston resents the intrusinon of the Party 
into the sex lives of its members. Also realizes the discouragement 
of sexual enjoyment, that makes any love affair with a party member 
impossible. Writing down the incident does not help him. He makes 
another entry in his diary, this one concerning the proles. He feels 
they are the only group that might overthrough the party, but they are 
unaware of it. There is no way of finding the truth about the past but 
he does think that present life is worse than the past. He remembers a 
photo that came into his possession trying to change the pastbut he 
destroyed it. He plans to stay free. After work one evening, he 
wonders into the prole end of London, and ends up near the store where 
he bought the diary. Follows man into pub and plans to ask him about 
revolution but man is incoherent. He leaves the pub and wanders.
He ends up outside the little antique shop and decides to buy a glass
paperweight. Mr. Charrington shows him a room upstairs and Winston 
dreams of renting it. He notices a dark haired girl following himand 
he is sure it is the thought police and he will be arrested.


 We discover that people have a bond when it comes to sexuallity 
that the party connot control. Even thought the party rejects sexual 
relationships between its members. Sexual experience is no longer 
allowed in the society and Winston longs for one. He confesses in his 
Diary about his last expereince but it does not help. We find he has 
faith in the proles and there ability to revolt. It is hard to set up 
a revolt with the thought police detecting every thought. Winston 
reaches a crises with the thought police.

"Winston reached down and cautiously scratched his varicose ulcer"
"Not a word could ever be proved or disproved"

Summary Part 2, Chapter 1,2 and 3

 At work he runs into the dark haired girl again, in the hallway. 
She falls and while he is lifting her up she slips him a note. He 
reads it at his desk and is amazed to find that it simple states, I 
love you. Eager and excited to meat with her, he has to wait 7 days 
until they eat together in the cafeteria. They decide to meet in 
Victory square. When meeting there, they arrange another meeting next 
sunday afternoon. At the designated meeting place, in the countryside 
outside London, he finally learns her name. Julia explains that she 
considers herself rebelious to the party. She has had sex with many 
other non-members. Suddenly he walks into the scene exactly like his 
dreem. She removes her clothes and they have sex. He belives that 
sexual desire may be the force that destroys the party. Following 
there secret meeting they meet each othe occasionally. Julie arranges 
the meetings. They go a month without seeing each other but
whenever they can before and after. She belives that she must pretend 
to cooperate with the party and in secret break the rules whenever 
possible. Winston thinks that rebellion is the best answer. They 
discuss past girl and boyfriends and how the party controls them.


 He is ready for the Julia but is worried about a possible trap. His
negative approach to life and his sexual fustration make him ready 
anyhow. Once he commits to her he connot go back and he is committing 
though crimes. This may be the beginning of the end. He was happy to 
find that she was not a virgin and had previous affairs. His idea of 
revolt is changed and he now is enjoying being corrupted. Julia takes 
charge of the relationship, showing her aggressivness. She does not 
believe in Winstons ideas on rebellion and thinks that differently.
"A sense of helplessness took hold of Winston"
"Between you and me, the antique trade's just about finished"

Summary Chapter 4,5,6 and 7

 Winston does rent the room above the antique show and realizes the
foolishness of what he and Julia are doing. She brings him coffee and 
real sugar and real old-fashioned make-up. Julie tries to remember an 
old nursry rhyme, while Winston immagines that he and Julia and the 
room itself were all closed in like the paperweight. Many preperations 
for the upcoming hate week keep Winston, Julia and the others very 
busy. Winston discovers that his friend Syme has dissappeared and all 
records of him have been altered. Meanwhile, Parsons is still busy and 
happy in the preperations for hate week. He was right about them. 
Because of the increased work load he and Julia do not meet as much 
but in the room above the antique shop they look at things from the 
past and other forbidden things. They discuss the hopelessness of 
there private rebellion and that it cannot go on forever. He is 
dissappointed that Julie does not reject propaganda from the partyand 
her theroy that the party sends bombs on itself. One day at work 
O'Brien gives Winston his address and asked him to stop by so tha he 
can lend him an advance copy of the Newspeak dictionary. Winston 
thinks this is a conspiracy against the party and is excited but,
thinks it will end in touture and death. Winston dreams of his mother
again and the hunger and awful conditions there were before the
disappearence. He feals bad for asking for rationed food and stealing 
his sisters chocolate. When he came back they were gone. Winston 
tries to tell her but she is tired. He is glad him and her have there 
own feeling toward each other.


 He rents room above the antique shop showing his independence and 
his plunge into the end. He wishes the room could be closed in like 
the paperweight. We find out how different the two main characters 
are. The state does not care what kind of person you you are. Julia 
understanding of the party is much better that Winston although she is 
nieve to many things that the party does. Winston defines his 
rebellion in three steps, first the thought then the word(Diary) then 
the act(Julia). O'Brien seems to be a good man, also in rebellion. 
His mother was like him.

"The timy interior of the shop ws in fact uncomfortably full, but
there was almost nothing in it of the slightest value"
"A sharp cry of pain was wrung out of her"

Summary chapter 8,9 and 10

 Winston takes Julia to the O'Briens apartment. He wonderes is 
O'Brien is also a rebel because he finds him in front of the 
telescreen, hard at work. Over toast he explains to Winston what is 
required of the secret rebel brotherhood. They except the terms of 
the menbership except that they will never see each other ever again. 
 O'Brien promises to be given a copy of Emmanuel Goldstein's book, 
secretly in the future. After a long week, of sorting through 
millions of documents, changing them to prove that the Party's 
decision that Easstasia, and not Eurasia, was the enemy that
they have been fighting all along. He rushes home to read the copy of 
the book. He reads while lying back and relaxing. Julia falls asleep 
when he tries to read her sections of it. When they awake from there 
sleep they start talking, but a voice issues from behind the picture 
on the wall. It is a hidden telescreen which instructs them not to 
move. They are rushed by armed guards. The Thought Police had been 
observing them all along. Winston and Julia are violently seperated. 
Mr. Charrington enters the room without his disquise, looking much 
younger. He is a menber of the thought police.


 Winston thinks of O'Brein as a strong, unexcitable man. He is 
dedicated and wholeheartyu to the brotherhood. Winston joins the 
brotherhood and tells about his dreams. We understand about hate week 
a little more. Winston reads the book that is given to him by O'Brien. 
 Winston and Julia get arrested. They find out that O'Brien was the 
enemy. There was a sorta feeling that O'Brien was the bad guy, and 
they would get cought sonner or later.

"He was a bit early"
"The lane widened, and in a minute he came to the footpath she had 
told him

Summary Part 3 Chapter 1 and 2

 Winston is being held prisoner in a large, crowded cell at the 
Ministry of Love. Ampleforth and Parsons are both prisoners also. 
Parsons was tured in by his own daughter for thoughtcrime. He feels 
increased discomfort and room 101 is continually mentioned by several 
prisoners. O'Brien enters the cell with a guard and Winston now 
realized he has been betrayed by him. O'Brein is a member of the Inner 
Party. O'Brien orders the guard to strike Winston who feels a great 
deal of pain on his elbow. Winston is tortured both physically and 
mentally for an unknown length of time. He keeps getting interrogated 
with beations and questions until he confesses to many crimes. 
O'Brien reveals that he has been watching Winston for seven years.
O'Brein wants total rehab. from Winston. O'Brien explains why the 
party can never be defeated. He has been informed that Julia quite 
easily betrayed him and has now been released totally rehabilitated. 
Winstons questions about room 101 is not answered.


 Finally he is caught by the thought police, which was inevidable 
since the beginning. He realizes that he has been betrayed by Julia 
and O'Brien. But he says he would never betray her. All time is lost 
while he is in jail. We is going to be rehabilitated and is taken to 
the dreded 101 for more mind games. Winston does not crack, except 
that O'Brien gets him to believe is a little crasy.

"Listen the more men you have had the more I love you"
"We can come here once again"

Summary Chapter 3 and 4

 O'Brien tells Winston th esecond stage of his rehab. is about to 
begin-understanding the why in party. He also tells winston that he 
wrote sections of Goldstiens book. He says the Party rules for the 
sake of power, and power alone. The proles will never revolt. O'Brein 
questions him further and punishes him when he does not answer 
correctly. Winston says he is morally superior to the Party, but 
O'Brien has a tape of the conversation about what Winston was willing 
to do to join the brotherhood. Winston thinks that the party will be 
defeated by a noble man, but O'Brien shows Winston himself in the 
mirror. Winston weeps looking at his own aged and ghastly body. He 
conforts himself by thinking about how he never betrayed Julia. 
Winstons health is improving, and he is trying to accept the rightness 
of the party. He examines the past events and realilizes the party 
was in control the whole time. He realizes also that he party can
make anything right if is wants to. He has to practice doublethinking. 
He wakes up from a troubled sleep, calling Julia's name. O'Brien 
enters his room and Winston confesses that he still hates Big Brother. 
He is sent to room 101.


 He had also looked to O'Brien for sanity and stength and kindness 
but now he sees what he really is a power-hungry guy who likes 
infliction of pain. He finds out he has been watched for 7 years. 
After being broken or cracked he still has the fact that he has not 
turned against Julia. They completely destroyed Winston and he has 
now entered the party.

"Have you heard the rumours of the existance of the brotherhood."
"The brotherhood cannot be wiped out because it is not an 
in the ordinary sense"
"He was tired, but not sleepy any longer"

Summary Chapter 5 and 6

 The torture room is brightly lit, room 101. O'Brien says that the 
room contains the worst thing in the world. It turns out to be rats 
in a cage which can be strapped over his face. Winston yells and 
screems and is overcome by the horror and the terror. He screams that 
this punishment should be given to Julia and not him. O'Brien spares 
his life. Winston is then released. He is sitting under a tree at 
the Chestnut Tree Cafe. He drinks very heavily now. He remembers 
meeting Julia and how they talked about how they betrayed each other. 
 The party would not allow them to see each other, but neither felt 
anything anymore. He remembers a game of his childhood but then it is 
pushed out by the broadcast that comes on the telescreen. Eurasia is 
once again the enemy. His heart fills with love for Big Brother.


 The party knows the worse nightmare of each person and is ble to 
use that against them. It worked on Winston. Finnally he gives in 
and the party has won. 

"He did not attempt to kiss her, nor did they speek"
"He loved Big Brother"



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