The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway


 1. Introduction 
 1. Hemingway's different code hero 
 2. Time period's acceptance of it 
 3. Thesis Statement: In The Sun Also Rises, Hemingway
illustrates what the Code Hero should and should not be
through Jake, Cohn, Romero, Bill, and Mike. 
 2. Body Section 
 1. Way of life 
 1. Fearing but confronting death - Grace under
 1. Romero 
 1. in the bullring 
 2. In fight with Cohn 
 2. Cohn 
 1. Boxing 
 2. Sport for the sake of sports 
 2. Drinking 
 1. not excessively 
 1. Mike 
 2. Cohn 
 2. always in control 
 1. Jake 
 2. Sociability 
 1. Talking 
 1. very little 
 1. Jake and Bill 
 2. Cohn 
 2. not about one's accomplishments 
 1. Romero 
 2. Cohn 
 2. Who to spend time with 
 1. Those of skill 
 1. Jake and Bill 
 2. Avoiding the unskilled 
 1. Jake and Cohn 
 3. knowing when not wanted 
 1. Cohn 
 4. Great loyalty to a single social group 
 1. Jake with Bill, Brett, & Montoya 
 3. Conclusion 
 1. Sum up in a couple sentences 
 2. Ending statement about Hemingway's Code Hero 
When Hemingway's novels first began to appear, the public
readily and enthusiastically accepted them. This was partly
because Hemingway had created a new type of fictional
character whose attitude toward life was very appealing to
the people of the 1920s. This type of character is commonly
called the Hemingway Code Hero. The average reader at this
time identified with Hemingway's Code Hero because that is
what they dreamed they could be. In The Sun Also Rises,
Hemingway illustrates what the Code Hero should and should
not be through Jake, Cohn, Romero, Bill, and Mike.
Hemingway believed that a man should fear death because it
is the end of everything. Since nothing exists after death,
he should make the most of life and avoid death at all
costs. However, Hemingway places Romero, his Code Hero, in
the life-threatening bullring regularly, showing that the
Code Hero must be able to act acceptably in the face of
death. From this one can derive the idea of grace under
pressure: A man must have fear of death but must not be
afraid to die. Fear of death is the realization that death
is the end of everything and that it is to be avoided at
all costs. Romero shows grace under pressure while
bullfighting. The bull could very well kill him, but he is
unafraid, and performs calmly and smoothly. During his
fight with Robert Cohn, he keeps getting back up and
standing it out until the end. Robert Cohn, on the other
hand, is a coward. He learns the art of boxing solely to
combat derogatory remarks about his religion, and does not
believe in sports for the sake of sports. Drinking is
another characteristic of Hemingway's Code Hero. One should
drink plenty, unlike Cohn who does not drink at all. Also,
a man should not drink so excessively that he becomes
sloppy and undisciplined, like Mike, who is constantly
"tight." Jake Barnes is the perfect example of the Code
Hero in this sense. He drinks a lot, but stays lucid and
disciplined in his drunkenness. 

Another aspect of the Code Hero is sociality. First, he
should not talk too much. He should express himself not in
words but in action. Jake and Bill are very concise in
their words, nearly talking in shorthand. Cohn, on the
other hand, prattles about a trip to South America and does
nothing about it, forgetting he even talked about it when
he meets Brett two minutes later. The Code Hero should also
avoid talking about his own accomplishments. When he says
"let's not talk about it" he is signifying that he has
performed some act of bravery and will not discuss it.
Hemingway believes that the only thing that counts is the
action; talking is simply emotionalism. If one talks about
his accomplishment too much, he loses the importance of the
act itself. Pedro Romero is a good example. He is very
modest about his exquisitely excellent bullfighting, rarely
bragging. Cohn, however, is different. Immediately after
his affair with Brett Ashley, he tries not to say anything,
but soon breaks and lets out his emotions. He becomes very
supercilious because the affair made him feel superior.
Talking about one's accomplishments, according to
Hemingway, is clearly not a masculine trait. An aspect a
Code Hero does depend on is with whom he spends time.
Usually, he will attempt to associate with people of equal
or greater skill than himself. As an example, Jake finds
Bill to be a very nice companion, because, like Jake, he is
very smart and an excellent journalist. Jake, however, does
not like Cohn and avoids him as much as possible because of
his false "air of superior knowledge" and his mediocrity.
Furthermore, the Hemingway Hero should know when he is
unwanted, and leave. Cohn lacks this quality too. Jake
cannot understand why people like Robert Cohn keep hanging
around where they are unwanted. Jake knows there are enough
people in the world who think like him and who like him, so
he has no intention of associating with people of another
nature. This brings up the topic of loyalty. Hemingway's
Code Hero always has a special loyalty to one tight group
of close friends, such as Jake has to Bill, Brett, and
Montoya, at least through most of the story. Proper social
skills are vital to being called a Code Hero.
In summation, a Code Hero, according to Hemingway, must
have grace under pressure, should drink excessively but not
sloppily, and must not talk too much, especially about his
accomplishments. He must have proper social skills, such as
knowing when he is unwanted and not associating with the
mediocre. The Hemingway Code Hero was a well-accepted
concept in its time. Hemingway had successfully created the
type of character of which the readers of the time dreamed.
This creation was great, one that would be appreciated for


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