Merchant Of Venice


by William Shakespeare 
Many people are villainous in the way they act, and their
villainous acts may be rooted in the desire to destroy
others, or in the hopes of elevating themselves. Many
people may only act "villainous" in reaction to the way
they have been treated in the past. Shylock the Jew is the
villain or antagonist in the play "The Merchant of Venice".
Shylock mistreats Antonio the Christian, his daughter,
Jessica and Launcelot.
The first person Shylock mistreats, is Launcelot. He
mistreats this servant by complaining behind Launcelot's
back of his laziness. Shylock says,
"The patch is kind enough, but a huge feeder,
 Snail-slow in profit, and he sleeps by day
 More than the wildcat. Drones hive not with me..
 ..His borrowed purse." 1
Shylock also acts villainous towards Launcelot by acting
belligerent towards him.
"Who bids thee call? I do not bid thee call." 2
Shylock mistreats this man because of his poverty, and
because Launcelot is socially beneath him. You also start
to wonder about how fair Shylock is, when Launcelot is
deciding whether or not to leave him.
Shylock also mistreats his own daughter, Jessica. He
mistreats her by keeping her as a captive in her own house,
not letting her out, and not letting her hear the Christian
music around her. He orders her to:
"Lock up my doors; and when you hear the drum...
 ..But stop my house's ears-I mean casements.
 Let not the sound of shallow fopp'ry enter
 My sober house." 3
Jessica considers her home to be hell, and she calls
Launcelot, a "merry little devil". She even states that her
father is Satan. Shylock also mistreats his own daughter,
by not loving her enough, even to the point where he
complains about all of the money he's spending in a search
to find her.
"Why, there, there, there, there! A diamond gone
 cost me two thousand ducats in Frankford! The curse..
 ..ill luck stirring but what lights o' my shoulders; no
 sighs but o' my breathing; no tears but o' my shedding."4
Salerio makes the audience wonder about Shylock, when he
raves about when Shylock was calling out, "Oh my ducats, my
daughter, my ducats, my daughter.." This makes you wonder
which he misses the most. This proves that he mistreats,
even his own daughter. He values his money more than his
own blood.
Shylock mistreats Antonio. He does so by talking behind
Antonio's back, and he reveals his hatred of Antonio, when
he says,
"How like a fawning publican he looks!
 I hate him for he is a Christian;
 But more for that...Cursed be my tribe
 If I forgive him!" 5
Shylock feels justified in exacting revenge for all the
ills Antonio causes him. He then draws up an unbelievable
bond. He blames Antonio for all of his problems, even his
race's problems are blamed on people like Antonio, and he
feels Christians have persecuted his race when he says,
"To bait fish withal. If it will feed nothing else, it
 will feed my revenge...The villainy you teach me I will
 execute, and it shall go hard but I will better the
 instruction." 6
He shows that he will copy the example of Christians.
Shylock becomes the true villain when he takes Antonio to
court. These actions prove that Antonio is mistreated by
Shylock, the villain.
Shylock is the villain of "The Merchant of Venice". He
mistreats too many people, and then asks for mercy in a
court. Shylock is mad for revenge towards all Christians,
especially Antonio. He is such a villain that even his
daughter and servant are eager to escape him. Villains are
often antagonists in story plots and normally are a threat
to the main character. Villains normally have motives
behind their evil doings.
1. Shakespeare, William. "Merchant of Venice". (Washington
Square Press,
 New York, 1957) p. 30.


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