This report is on stress, what causes it, how and why, and
how it can be cured. It will tell you all about stress, why
it's important for people to understand, and what it can do
to you and other people. Stress affects everyone and
everything, that's why it's important that we all be
properly educated on it. First We need to understand what
stress is. Stress is basically the body's nonspecific
response to any demand. Another way of describing stress is
any nervousness or anxiety. Almost all people relate the
word stress to discomfort or pressure. What they are
actually thinking of is distress, which is often referred
to as stress. There are many things that cause stress. In
my opinion, this is the most important part of this whole
report because knowing the cause for stress can help you
avoid stressful situations. Just about any problem using
thought can cause stress. One of the most stressful of all
things, especially for teenagers, are social events.
Popularity, friends, relationships, and looks are more
stressful things to teenagers than parents. However, adults
tend to face such stressors as meeting deadlines, fear of
failure, anger, and frustration at the workplace. Everybody
is effected by stress when it comes to things like wars,
pollution, poverty, overcrowding, and crime. It is
important to learn how to live with these situations,
because it is nearly impossible to get through life without
encountering them.
Most people know that stress could be bad, but how bad?
Physicians have proven that stress-related disorders,
diseases brought on or worsened by psychological stress,
are more likely to happen to people with very busy lives.
The sad results of too much stress can be:
depression, drug use, crime, dropping out of school,
accidents, and even suicide. These psychosomatic disorders
commonly involve the autonomic nervous system, which
controls the body's internal organs. Some kinds of headache
and back and facial pain, asthma, stomach ulcers, high
blood pressure, and premenstrual stress are examples of
stress-related disorders. (Funk & Wagnall's.) Respiratory
disorders also can be affected by stress. Most common of
these is asthma which may be caused by emotional upsets.
(Funk & Wagnall's.) In addition, emotional stress can cause
or aggravate many skin disorders, from those that produce
itching, tickling, and pain to those that cause rashes and
pimples. Treatment of stress-related disorders is sometimes
limited to relieving the particular physical symptom
involved; for example, hypertension may be controlled with
drugs. (Funk & Wagnall's.) Psychological treatments are
attempts to help the person to relieve the source of stress
or to learn to deal with it. Combinations of physical and
psychological treatments are often recommended. There are
many type of "toys," that help deal with stress also, these
are things that you can buy at a local store or make at
home. These things consist of toys like the stress balloon,
this lets you get rid of stress and frustration by tightly
gripping a balloon filled with flour. Another stress toy
would be the stress puppet, a doughy-like figure shaped as
little person, or a cotton filled doll that you can slam to
temporarily to get rid of your stress and frustration. More
accessible methods are drumming your fingers, shaking your
feet, or deep breathing.
You can test your stress by taking the stress test or
exercise electrocardiography, a test that evaluates the
performance of the heart by subjecting it to controlled
amounts of physical stress. (Appley, M. H., and Trumbull,
R. A.) Some examples of these tests would be walking on a
treadmill while measuring the heart's reaction to an
increased demand for oxygen. The test ends when the patient
reaches a predetermined heart rate or experiences chest
pain or fatigue. Not very long ago some Physicians realized
that many people are much more vulnerable to disease and
illness when they suffer from mass amounts of stress.
Negative events such as the death of a loved one seem to
cause enough distress to lower the body's resistance to
disease. Something not so obvious though, is that even
positive things such as a new job or a new baby in the
house, can also worsen a person's ability to fight off
disease. Below is a chart that some social scientists have
devised. It is a list of life events rating the
stressfulness of each. The death of a spouse rates a 100 on
the scale, but something like trouble with one's employer
rates 23; being fired, 47; going to jail, 63; and a change
in sleeping habits, 16. Change, both good and bad, can
create stress. Stress, if sufficiently severe, can lead to
illness. Drs. Thomas Holmes and Richard Rahe, psychiatrists
at the University of Washington in Seattle, developed the
Social Readjustment Rating Scale. In their study, they gave
a point value to stressful events. The psychiatrists
discovered that in 79 percent of the persons studied, major
illness followed the accumulation of stress-related changes
totaling over 300 points in one year. The Social
Readjustment Rating Scale Life Event Value Death of
Spouse 100 Divorce 73 Marital separation from mate 65 
Detention in jail or other institution 63 Death of a close
family member 63 Major personal injury or illness 53 
Marriage 50 Being fired at work 47 Marital reconciliation
with mate 45 Retirement from work 45 Major change in the
health or behavior of a family member 44 Pregnancy 40 
Sexual difficulties 39 Gaining a new family member (e.g.,
through birth, adoption, moving in, etc.) 39 Major
business readjustment (e.g., merger, reorganization,
bankruptcy, etc.) 39 Major change in financial state
(e.g., a lot worse off or a lot better off than usual) 38 
Death of a close friend 37 Changing to a different line of
work 36 Major change in the number of arguments with
spouse (e.g., either a lot more or a lot less than
usual.) 35 Taking out a mortgage or loan for a major
purchase (e.g. for a home, business, etc.) 31 Foreclosure
on a mortgage or loan 30 Major change in responsibilities
at work (e.g., promotion, demotion, lateral transfer) 29 
Son or daughter leaving home (e.g., marriage, attending
college, etc.) 29 In-law troubles 29 Outstanding personal
achievement 28 Wife beginning or ceasing work outside the
home 26 Beginning or ceasing formal schooling 26 Major
change in living conditions (e.g., building a new home,
remodeling, deterioration of home.) 25 Revision of
personal habits (dress, manners, association, etc.) 24 
Troubles with the boss 23 Major change in working hours or
conditions 20 Change in residence 20 Changing to a new
school 20 Major change in usual type and/or amount of
recreation 19 Major change in church activities (e.g., a
lot more or a lot less than usual) 19 Major change in
social activities (e.g., clubs, dancing, movies, visiting,
etc.) 18 Taking out a mortgage or loan for a lesser
purchase (e.g., for a car, TV, freezer, etc.) 17 Major
change in sleeping habits (a lot more or a lot less sleep,
or change in part of day when asleep) 16 Major change in
number of family get-togethers (e.g., a lot more or a lot
less than usual) 15 Major change in eating habits (a lot
more or a lot less food intake.) 15 Vacation 13 
Christmas 12 Minor violations of the law (e.g., traffic
tickets, jaywalking, disturbing the peace, etc.) 11 
 In conclusion, if we learn to understand where stress
comes from, it will be easier to deal with. Stress can not
always be avoided, but it can almost always be treated.
Rest and relaxation are the best ways to prevent illness
due to stress. Vacationing, taking time to relax, and
venting out your anger are also good ways to relieve
stress. With this proper practice, we will be on the road
to healthier, happier, better lives. 

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