Abortion: Pro-Choice


Many people have pondered about the issue of abortion. The
arguments presented for pro-life are that every child born
should be wanted, and every child conceived should be born
(Sass vii). The opposing argument is that a woman should
have the right to decide whether or not to bear a child.
In 1973, the United States Supreme Court legalized
abortion, however, the arguments between the two groups
still continues. Pro-life activists carry a strong
argument, and continue to push their beliefs. They feel so
strongly about these beliefs that violence has broken out
in some known instances. Pro-choice activists, on the other
hand, also maintain very strong views. They believe that
the fetus inside the woman is her property and life doesn't
begin until birth. Many countries have followed the United
States decision on the abortion issue and some of these
include Canada, England, and France. Other countries that
still believe abortion should be illegal, are Germany,
Ireland, and New Zealand. 

Under the 14th Amendment's "personal liberty", women are
given the right to receive an abortion. The 14th
Amendment's concept of "personal liberty" and restrictions
on state action, allows a woman to decide whether or not to
terminate her pregnancy. The right to choose to have an
abortion is so personal and essential to women's lives that
without this right, women cannot exercise other fundamental
rights and liberties guaranteed to them by the Constitution
(Paltrow 72). The state can't interfere in the private
lives of a citizen. Without the right to choose an abortion
the 14th Amendment's guarantee of liberty has little
meaning for women. With the right to choose an abortion,
women are able to enjoy, like men, the rights to fully use
the powers of their minds and bodies (Paltrow 73). 

A man can withdraw from a relationship as soon as he finds
out about a pregnancy. There is no question of his
involvement after that; he has made his choice. It is only
fair to say that women should be given the same choice. If
a woman doesn't want to hold the responsibilities of a
child, then she should be able to have the choice of
abortion as one option." Because contraceptives fail, and
because they are not always available or possible to use,
abortion is necessary if people are to be able to determine
whether and when to "bear or beget a child"(Paltrow 72).
Couples choose the alternative of abortion so they can
start or expand their families when they feel most ready
and able to care for them. Women choose to have an abortion
because pregnancy and childbirth can prevent them from
keeping their jobs, from feeding their families, and from
serving others in ways they consider necessary and
appropriate. Pregnancy and child birth may determine
whether a woman ever gets to start or complete her
education, which will significantly influence her ability
to support herself and her family. The availability of
abortion makes it possible for people not only to choose
the number of children they want, but also to create the
kind of family life they have always wanted for themselves
and to meet their responsibilities. 

If a woman cannot choose to terminate an unwanted
pregnancy, she is denied the right to the "possession and
control" of her own body. One of the most sacred rights of
common law is to choose and if a woman can't do this, then
her most important possession is taken away. Abortion isn't
only a woman's right, it's a woman's choice. 


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