The Controversy Over Abortion


During the past quarter century, abortion has joined race and war 
as one of the most debatable subjects of controversy in the United 
States. It discusses human interaction where ethics, emotions and law 
are combined. Abortion poses a moral, social and medical dilemmas 
that focus many individuals to create an emotional and violent 

 There are many points of view toward abortion but the only two 
fine distinctions are "pro-choice" and "pro-life". A pro-choice 
person would feel that the decision to abort a pregnancy is that of 
the mothers and the state should have no right to interfere. A pro-
life person would hold that from the moment of conception, that the 
embryo or fetus is alive. This life imposes on us a moral obligation 
to preserve it and that abortion is the same as murder. In the United 
States about 1.6 million pregnancies end in abortion. Women with 
incomes under eleven thousand are over three times more likely to 
have an abortion, than women with incomes above twenty-five thousand. 
Unmarried women are four to five times more likely to abort than 
married. In the past years the abortion rate has doubled among 
18 and 19 year olds. Recently the U.S. rate has dropped 6 percent 
overall but the rate of abortion among girls younger than 15 has 
jumped up to18 percent and the rate among minorities climbed from 186 
per 1,000 to 189 per 1,000.

 The most popular procedure involved in abortions is the vacuum 
aspiration, which is done during the first trimester (three months or 
less since the woman has become pregnant). A tube is simply inserted 
through the cervix and the contents of the uterus are vacuumed out. 
The most commonly used type of second trimester abortion is called 
dilation and evacuation. At this point the fetus has bones, bulk and 
can is able to move, the second trimester abortions are not as 

 When as much of the fetus and placenta are vacuumed out then the 
tweezers are used to remove the larger parts. The beginning of the 
fifth month abortion is the serious and actually induced as 
childbirth. That is, the mother is given substances, which puts her 
into labor and delivers the fetus, as she would do with a full-term 

 About 40 percent of Americans believe that abortion should remain 
legal and 40 percent believe it should be banned except when the 
pregnancy threatens the life of the mother or the result of rape or 
incest. 15 percent believe it should be illegal in all cases. 
Although abortion is regarded as a woman's right, it should be banned 
with exceptions because its considered murder has many psychological 
side effects. Young teens say that when they see a baby it reminds 
them of their own that they could have had. 

 Abortion is a woman's own right and choice. In 1973 the Roe v. 
Wade decision proved this by recognizing abortion as a fundamental 
constitutional right and made it legal in all states. The law now 
permits abortion at the request of the women without any restrictions 
in the first trimester and some restrictions in the second trimester 
to protect the women's health. The National Abortion Right Act League 
argues that without legal abortion women would be denied their 
constitutional right of privacy and liberty. The women's right to her 
own body subordinates those of the fetus and the U.S. Supreme Court 
in Roe v. Wade argued that the women's "right to privacy" overruled 
the fetus's right to life. If abortion were illegal it would force 
poor women to bear and raise children they can't afford to bring up. 
It would force young women to raise children when they are still 
children themselves and would cause many deformities when incest is 
in involved.

 There would be a number of unsafe abortions in back allies. It 
would also force women to give up their dreams and stay home to bring 
up babies. Worst of all, it would condemn victims of incest to carry 
and nurture the offspring of their rapist. Abortion is necessary for 
women to have control over their own bodies and life. One activist 
said, "If I hadn't had that abortion my life would have been a 
disaster. I wouldn't have made it to medical school. I was married at 
that point to a very ill man and it would have been terrible to have 
to have my baby. People who need abortions are in some kind of 
turmoil and it's really a life-saving thing." Anonymous "I am glad I 
had my abortion because it gave me another chance to relive my life 
and my dreams. It also gave me another chance of my life and gave me 
back part of the pride that a person stole."

 To ignore the rights of others is selfish. Women must have the 
right to control the functions of their own bodies. Sammy Garcia 
told the council that the ordinance would have done little 
good. "Young women need the freedom to make choices for their 
reproductive life when their family can't guarantee them parental 
support." Women should not be forced to have babies they don't want. 
They must have the right to decide what happens to them and have a 
safe and legal way of doing so. Women are in control of their own 
bodies and their lives. Legislators have no right to interfere with 
their own choices. The practical assertion that since pregnancy 
involves a woman's body, the choice of continuing that pregnancy must 
be hers alone. 

 Although abortion is considered murder by half of all Americans, 
Pro-lifers believe that human life begins at the moment of 
conception. When the merge of the egg and sperm is complete, they are 
fertilized and known as the "zygote". The zygote contains a full set 
of 46 chromosomes, which is required to create a human life. 
Scientists identify that at the moment of fertilization the ovum 
takes on an entirely different destiny, life. About 15,000 genes from 
the spermand ovum form a unique combination. This is nothing less 
than a new human life at its earlier stage of life. In the United 
States many infants will not make it to puberty, old age or even 
their second birthday. Just because of their shortened life, it 
doesn't mean that it never existed.

 Dr. Nate Anderson stopped performing abortions after becoming 
aware of the horrors that he observed. "A woman has the right to go 
to bed with who she wants, but she can not choose death for her 
child. It's a direct violation of human rights." Anthony Simpson has 
a photo of an aborted fetus and believes that abortion is nothing but 
a ruthless murder. In southern Kentucky, Robert Hollis brutally 
assaulted his wife in effort to abort the fetus he suspected wasn't 
his. He successfully did so and Carroll believed Hollis set out 
intentionally to kill that fetus and that is in fact murder. A 
friend, Christina a graduate from high school has recently become 
pregnant and decided against abortion. She feels that it's an 
innocent child inside of her. 

 It has a brain and a heart therefore it also has a right to life. 
"Abortion is the unnatural end of pregnancy. That child has a right 
to life that is equal to the mother's right. One cannot kill another 
human being just because they wished it wasn't around. Abortion is 
murder of the innocent practiced on a national scale. Overall it has 
been proven that the fetus is a real person and it responds to noise, 
has feeling and fears. To have an abortion will destroy an innocent 
life, which is directly connected to murder. It also kills a 
consequence that some one made and now not willing to take it.

 Scientific research has successfully shown that abortion causes 
many psychological side effects. It leaves the woman with many strong 
feelings about her decision. She may feel sadness, wishing things 
could have been different and grief for a lost life. Guilt arises 
because she knows a fetus represents an independent life. 
Anonymous "I feel that god will punish me when I want a baby he won't 
give me one, because it killed my first one." Anger builds up 
towards other people having to do with their decision. Sometimes the 
mother may feel that she has in fact been abandoned. Most of the 
mothers feel ashamed and embarrassed about their actions. People 
close to the mother may be angry with her for ending her pregnancy 
and make it difficult for her to deal with. Anonymous' mother " At 
first I said that I disowned her but because I was embarrassed of her 
but then I realized that she needs my help." Even years after the 
abortion, women tend to remember the regretful experience. The 
usually wonders of what the baby would have looked like acted like 
and when its birthday is.

 Thirty-three years old, Angela has had five abortions so far. She 
realizes now that they all left emotional scars her that are 
unbearable. "It wasn't just a mass of cell it was children I was 
killing." It may have been a month or a year but feelings do catch up 
with the mother. Symptoms such as nightmares, panic attacks and 
flashbacks are signs of a recently discovered Post Abortion Syndrome, 
also know as PAS. According to a study published by Association for 
Interdisciplinary Research in Valves and Social Change, one in five 
women studied had diagnosable stress disorders. Also two in five had 
sleep disorders and flashbacks following abortion. Abortion is the 
right of the mothers and should be up to them if they choose to or 
not. No one should help or force the mother to do what they want. 
No matter what politicians, the bible and families say, women need to 
take control.

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