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Theodore Roosevelt


26th President of the United States (1901-1909)
Theodore Roosevelt was an energetic and dynamic leader who
gave the nation a square deal. During his presidency to a
position of internatio nal leadership.
Roosevelt belonged to an aristocratic New York family. He
attended Harvard Univerity. Theodore Roosevelt fought in
the Spanish-American war with the Rough Riders at the
battle of San Juan Hill. He had served as police
commissiores of New York, assistant secretary of the navy,
governor of New York, and vice president of the United
States. When president McKinley was assassinated on
September 14, 1901, Theodore Roosevelt became, at the time,
the youngest (43 years) president in hist ory.
The president saw himself as a man of the middle who would
meditate the struggle between capital and labor. He said
that business must be protected against itself and he
tended to favor regulatory commissions that provided
nonpartisan supervisi on by experts of business practices.
As president he succeeded in getting additional authority
over the railroads for the interstate commerce commission.
He was also instrumental in the passage of the meat
inspection act and the pure food and drug act. Ro attitude
toward the poor and towards the labor movement was that of
an enlightened conservative. He supported many labor
demands such as shorter hours for women and children,
employers' liability laws and limitations on the use of
injunctions against workers in labor disputes.
In reform, Roosevelt wanted gradual change. He moved in the
direction of the reformers and ended up as the candidate of
the progressive party in the Bull Moose presidential
campaingn in 1912. He had broken with the Repub lican party.
In 1907 immigration reached its all-time high 1,285,000 in
one year. Theodore Roosevelt said, "There can be no divided
allegiance here. Any man who says he is an American, but
something else also, isn't an American at all. We have ro
om but for on language here and that is the English
language, for we intend to see that the crucible turns our
people out as Americans, of American nationality; we have
room for but one soul loyalty, and that is loyalty to the
American people."
Ro l ed the United States into continous armed
interventions in the caribbean. In 1906 an insurrection in
Cuba caused the United States to intervene in its affairs.
The American government withdrew its power when ordr was
In the Philippines c ivil government was put into
operation, and a communications cable was laid across the
Roosevelt intervened in the war betwwen Russia and Japan.
He invited the Russian and Japanese governments to send
peace commissioners to America where a peace treaty was
sighned in 1905. The following year the president was
awarded the nobel peace prize.
People had wanted a canal connectiong the Atlantic and
Pacific for hundreds of years. A French company, which went
bankrupt, had started the pro ject. The company sold the
panamanian rights to build the canal to the United States
government. Colombia, whose territory included Panama,
didn't agree to the terms offered by the Uninted States. Ro
did not think much of he of Latin Americans to begin with.
He called he colombians "foolish and homicidal
corruptionits." The Roosevelt administration supported a
revolt by the Panamanians against Colombia. The new country
of Panama signed a canal treaty favorable to the United
States in 1903. The Pana ma canal was completed August 15,
President Theodore Roosevelt died at Sagamore hill, his
home at oyster bay, New York, on January 6, 1919. 



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