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Containment of Communism

 

During the mid 1940s, Russia began to spread their
communism widely. The Capitalist nations fought the
Communists very hard in order that communism should not
preside among Western nations. So that the non-Communist
countries would hold strongly against pressure from
Communist nations, the United States gave them military
aid, whether they supported the U.S. or not.
 
At the end of World War II, Capitalist strongholds, such as
France and Britain, were devastated from lack of food,
clothing, shelter, and medical care. American money flowed
into countries such as these in the form of supplies,
equipment, and loans. The U.S. tried to support them to
keep them safe from Communist harm, but by 1948, the USSR
was deeply entrenched in East Asia as well as Europe. The
Soviet Union was attempting to take over the Capitalist
world, over which the U.S. presided, and form Communist
nations. To form a stronghold, they attacked and conquered
all its neighboring Communist nations. The U.S. disagreed
with and hated the Soviets' methods of ruthlessly crushing
all opposition. This conflict resulted in what is called
the Cold War. The United States did not actually break out
in war with the Soviet Union, but constantly competed with
them over weapons and technology.
 
Inability to come to an agreement on international control
of the atomic bomb added greatly to the building tension
between the United States and the U.S.S.R. Wary of a
Communist uprising, the U.S. formulated a policy of
containment called the Truman Doctrine. This policy would
contain, or restrict, Soviet expansion to check the spread
of communism. It was first applied to Greece and Turkey, as
the USSR tried to spread communism into them; the United
States dumped 400 million dollars into strengthening and
arming these countries against communism.
 
Helping Greece and Turkey, however, was not enough to
prevent the spread of communism. All of war-torn Europe was
in economic difficulty. Throughout Europe communists were
winning converts among hungry and disillusioned people.

 




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