Red Badge of Courage


Stephen Crane has written many remarkable poems, short stories,
 and novels throughout his short life (He lived only to the age
of 29). The Red Badge of Courage is a tale of war, life,
responsibility, and duty. It has been considered the first ^great
modern novel of war^(Alfred Kazin). It traces the effects of war on
Henry Fleming, a Union soldier, through his dreams of battle, his
enlistment, and his experience through serveral battles of the Civil
 Henry, ^the youth^, was a young man who lived on a farm with
 his mother. He dreamed about what fighting in a war would be
like, and dreamed of being a hero. He dreamed of the battles of war,
and of what it would be like to fight in those glorious battles. His
mother was a wise, caring woman who had strong convictions about not
wanting Henry to goto war. She is a very hardworking woman, and loves
her son a great deal. She gave him hundreds of reasons why he was
needed on the farm and not in the war. Henry knew his mother would not
want him to enlist, but it was his decision to make. He dreamed of the
battles of war, and of what it would be like to fight in those glorious
battles. He didn^t want to stay on the farm with nothing to do, so he
made his final decision to enlist.
 After enlisting he finds himself in a similar situation, with
 nothing to do. While there he becomes friends with two other
soldiers, John Wilson, ^the loud soldier / ^the friend^ and Jim
Conklin, ^the tall soldier^. Wilson was a loud spoken and obnoxious
soldier who becomes one of Henry^s best friends. Jim was a tall
soldier and was a childhood friend of Henry^s. He was always calm and
matter-of-fact like. He also loves pork sandwiches as that is all he
eats. Wilson was as excited about going to war as Henry, while Jim was
confident about the success of the new regiment. Wilson is acts very
confident, and boasts of how well he will fight. After a few days of
marching, Henry realizes that they have been wandering about aimlessly
in circles. They continue to march wothout purpose, direction, and
fighting. During this time Henry starts to think diffrently about war,
amore close experienced way. He starts to lose some of his ideals of
war, and starts to become scared of running away from a batlle.
Lieutenant Hasbrouck, a young lieutenant of the 304th regiment (Henry^s
regiment), is an extremely brave man. He also is constantly cursing.
He, unlike the other officers, cares about and defends his troops
performance and makes sure they get the recognition they deserve. He
is a true leader and he is a model of what Henry and Wilson wish to
 After a while the regiment finally discovers a battle taking
 place. Jim gives Henry a yellow envelope with a packet
inside. He is confident that he will die, and says that this will be
his first and last battle. The regiment manages to hold off the rebels
during the first attack, but the rebels like machines of steel;
relentlessly came back again and again with reinforcements driving the
soldiers back. Henry becomes scared, confused, and goes into a trance
when he sees his forces depleting. He finally gets up and starts to
run like a ^proverbial chicken^, who has lost the direction of safety.
 After he has run away he starts to anaylze himself and
 rationalize his actions. At first he thinks himself a a coward
for running, and later he feels he was just saving himself for later.
He thinks nature does not want him to die, eventhough his side was
losing. He believes he was intelligent to run, and hopes he will die
in battle to spite. Henry, still running, is met by a ^tattered
soldier^ and he comes upon Jim who has been wounded badly. He does not
complain about his pain, but asks Henry to move him out the road so he
is not run over by artillery wagons. Even in his agony, he is concered
about Henry and asks how he is faring. As his death grew nearer, Jim
runs into a field looking for a suitable place to die. He ignores
Henry^s offers of help, and as his body jerked horribly, he falls and
dies. The only other witness to his death, ^the tattered soldier^, is
impressed mostly by Jim^s bravery and courage. The tattered soldier
appears to be a simple and innocent man. Though he is very simplistic
and unsophisticated, he is a brave, kind, and responsible man. Henry
walks away hurting inside and dangerous to himself.
 In the charge ahead Henry asks fleeing soldiers why they are
 running. He grabs a comrad and asked ^why why^ all the while
holding his arm. The man struggling to be let go, hits Henry over the
head with the butt of his rifle, thus giving Henry his first Red Badge
of Courage. Henry stumbles across the battle field trying to stay on
his feet. He meets a ^cheery voiced man^ who helps him get back to his
regiment. The ^cheery voiced man^ not only lacks a name, but Henry
never sees his face. He appears to be a ordinary man who can
skillfully manuveur through the forest and patrols. At his regiment
he meets up with Wilson again, and gets the wound on his head tended
to. After resting for a little while he gets back into the battle.
He felt the generals were a bunch of ^lunkheads^ for making them
retreat instead of confronting the enemy.
 Henry starts to think that he and Wilson are going to die, but
 go into battle anyway. In the battle a change goes over
Henry. He starts to fume with rage and exhaustion. He seemed to have
a wild hate for his relentless foe. He felt that he and his companions
were being taunted and being made fun of. In a following battle, he
and Wilson have the oppurtunity to carry the regiment^s flag. After a
bit of scuffiling Wilson takes the flag out, but later in the battle
Henry manages to get thge rebel flag and runs up the line with
Lieutenant Hasbrouck leading the way. In the battle he fought like a
^Major General^, and he has grown up a great deal. He is not afraid of
dying anymore.

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