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Events Leading To the American Rev.


During the late seventeen hundreds, many tumultuous events
resulted in Colonial opposition to Great Britain. The
conditions of rights of the colonists will slowly be
changed as the constriction of the parliament becomes more
and more intolerable. During the Seven Years' War England
was not only alarmed by the colonists' insistence on
trading with the enemy, but also with Boston merchants
hiring James Otis inorder to protest the legality of the
writs of assistance (general search warrants) used to hunt
out smuggled goods. "let the parliament lay what burthens
they please on us, we must, it is our duty to submit and
patiently bear them, till they will be pleased to relieve
us....". This is a very strong dictum, that in 1764, the
colonists were of a submissive nature, and were weakly
pleading for self-autonomy. This small fire of anger will
become a huge conflagration as the rights are slowly
rescinded. On October 19, 1765 the Stamp Act Congress and
Parliamentary Taxation committee's passed some laws that
attempted to strengthen the grip of the English crown.
"I.That his Majesty's subjects in these colonies, owe the
same allegiance to the Crown of Great Britain that is owing
from his subjects born within the realm, and all due
subordination to that august body, the Parliament of Great
Britain." This statement can be used as a summation of the
entire document that the Stamp Act Congress had initiated.
The statement depicts the colonists has having to be
submissive and servile in the view of Great Britain, this
policy angered the colonists very much, and was another
component of the transition of the colonists' rights and
liberties. When the Declatory Act was passed in March of
1766, many colonies were attempting to claim that they were
"seceding" from England. "Whereas several of the houses of
representatives in his Majesty's colonies and plantations
in America, have of late, against law, or to the general
assemblies of the same, the sole and exclusive right of
imposing duties and taxes upon his Majesty's subjects in
the said colonies....be it declared ...., that the said
colonies and plantations in America, have been, are, and of
right ought to be, subordinate unto, and dependent upon the
imperial Crown and Parliament of Great Britain;". The
Parliament of course denounced the attempt at independance
and still dogmatilcally passed the following law to show
that the colonists were still british subjects. Again, the
colonists were infuriated and later will resist the british
imperialism on the colonies. "All before, are calculated to
regulate trade, and preserve prpromote a mutually
beneficial intercourse between the several constituent
parts of the empite"", yet those duties were always imposed
with design to restrain the commerce of one part". This
statement by the colonist (John Dickinson), shows that th
sole rason for new taxes is just for the British gov't to
make money, at the expense of the economy of the colonies.
Dickinson makes a important distinction between the rights
of the colonies and the authority of the parliament.
Dickinson's comments were ubiquitous among the colonists,
and thus infuriated them to rebellion, and the seizure of
basic democratic rights. "From necessity of the case, and a
regard to the mutual interest of both countries, we
cheerfully consent to the operation of such acts of the
British parliament as are bona fide restrained to the
regulation of our external commerce, for the purpose of
securing the commercial advantages of the whole empire to
the mother country , and the commercial benefits of it's
respective members excluding every idea of taxation,
internal or external, for raising a revenue on the subjects
in America without their consent ...." The continental
congress had presented it's colonial rights. These rights
enable the colonies to be more autonomous with exception to
those several states who are under the british control. One
important element of the document, is the idea of taxation
without representation; the said that raising taxes without
consent was illegal and that the commercial benefits of the
colony should be shared within the colonies, instead of
England becoming more and more economically prosperous. The
whole idea of mercantilism was about to be crushed, due to
this idea, of self-autonomy with respect to colonial
economics. "Ye that oppose independence now, ye know not
what ye do, ye are opening a door to eternal tyranny....".
This statement made by Thomas Paine shows the
foreshadowing, of what colonists would do. The British are
trying to prevent independence, and from doing so, they are
being tyrannical. Again, the rights of the colonists are
being questioned and rebellion shortly will be forthcoming.
"That whenever any form of Government becomes destructive
of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to
abolish it, and to institute new government, laying it's
foundations on such principles and organizing it's powers
in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect
their safety and happiness.". What the declaration is
really saying, is that a society who has no or little
rights (such as the colonies) should be destroyed, thus
separation from England. A new society would follow, where
the people of the society would have these rights necessary
for self-autonomy. The Declaration of Independence was a
strong justification for revolution. The Revolution follows
the Declaration of Independence, where a transition occurs.
The transition has to do with the rights of the colonists.
The colonists acquire their rights through resistance to
british imperial conformity, by resisting certain policies
detrimental to the inalienable rights of a democracy. The
transitional period was from 1760's to 1770's. This is a
crucial period of time, because this is where the center of
power is transferred from the british government
(Parliament) to the colonial citizens. A major component to
this center of power was the rights of the colonists, the
colonists gained their rights through resistence to an
imperial power. This transition is depicted through the
progression of time in the documents. 



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