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Abigail Adams


Abigail Adams was a unique women because she had an
education and an interest in politics. She learned how to
read and write and enjoyed poems most. She was also very
resourceful by helping her husband on difficult problems.
Abigail was born on November 11 on the Julian calendar, or
November 22 on the modern Gregorian calendar. Abigail had
two sisters named Mary and Elizabeth or Betsy. She had one
brother named William or Billy. Abigail's name was
originally Abigail Smith. Each baby was baptized on the
first Sabbath of its life and was recorded in their parish
records. Abigail live in a comfortable house. When Abigail
was sixteen, her father added a wing that was bigger than
the original building to make room for the children,
servants, and visitors. When I say servants it means that
they were probably slaves but were called servants to avoid
the dehumanizing effect that the word 'slave' can mean.
Their house was a sight of luxury in the eyes of the common
folk in the parish. Though they lived well, the Smiths had
no fortune. Abigail's father often worked with his own
hands, planting corn and potatoes, gathering hay, sowing
barley, or making sure that his sheep received proper care.
Abigail, with the help of her family grew a very religious
bond between each other and a long lasting friendship.
Abigail never went to a real school because of poor health.
So, she learned at home. Her father's library was not big,
but she still went to it to read books. Abigail's favorite
books were novels by Samuel Richardson. Abigail's father
knew John Adams by working with him and she grew rather
close to him starting a wedding. This now made her name
Abigail Adams. Their wedding was held on October 25, 1764,
a month before her twentieth birthday. John was a lawyer
and very often was not at home due to court cases he had to
attend to. When Abigail was pregnant with her first son,
John was only at home for eight out of the nine months. The
baby was born on a hot day on the morning of July 14, 1765.
The baby's name was 'Abigail', but was called Nabby. She
was with her parents when she had the baby. Shortly after,
she was again pregnant. July 11, 1767, she delivered a
healthy boy named John Quincy. John Adams soon moved his
family to Boston to be closer to his important clients and
the center of political action. In Boston, Abigail had two
more children. one named Susanna, who died thirteen months
later, and Charles who was born healthy at the end of May
1770. John Adams sent everyone in his enlarged family back
to there old house because of the recent Boston Massacre
happening. While Abigail was there, She had her last son
named Thomas. John soon bought a brick house back in Boston
and moved everyone back in. Abigail started teaching the
children to read and write.
John told Abigail almost everything that he knew and went
to her for political problems. He understood what she could
understand and trusted her. Abigail became the most
informed woman on public affairs in the nation. On August
10, 1774, Abigail parted with John as he left to attend the
Congress called at Philadelphia to try and unite the
colonies against Great Britain's plan to punish Boston and
Massachusetts. Though her sons would not be of military age
for another decade, Abigail dreaded war, in which only God
knew what would happen. When the shots at Lexington and
Concorde were fired, John was again off to the Congress and
cautioned Abigail that she should 'fly to the woods' with
the children if the British attacked Boston. Abigail prayed
for the war and on June 17 John Quincy and Abigail went to
Bunker Hill and watched the roar of the cannons and saw the
flames of burning Charleston atop of Penn's Hill near where
they lived. Soon they learned of the British losses and how
greater they were, but Abigail knew someone named Dr.
Warren who died. He helped John Quincy from the loss of his
finger. Abigail wrote many letters to her husband and it
became a way of life for her. She was always keeping John
up to date with what's happening at the immediate point in
time. Abigail sometimes called herself 'Mrs. Delegate'
because she was the wife of a Revolutionary leader. Abigail
continued to keep in tact with her husband throughout the
war. She also was very political. Then later she led a very
productive life. 



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