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The End of World War I


When World War I ended on November 11, 1918, peace talks went on 
for months due to the Allied leaders wanting to punish the enemy and
"dividing the spoils of war." A formal agreement to end the war was 
made and called the Treaty of Versailles. The issue that took the most 
time were the territorial issues because the empires of Russia, 
Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman, and Germany had collapsed. These fallen 
empires had to be divided up and America's President Woodrow Wilson, 
Georges Clemenceau of France, Vittorio Orlando of Italy, and David 
Lloyd George of Great Britain, were the main deciders of this deal.
 During 1918, Russia was knocked out of the war due to military
defeats and the Bolshevik Revolution. Even though Russia had not been
part of the Central Powers, Germany seized much of western Russia. 
After many months of arguing, the four men had made western Russia 
into the nations of Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, and Poland.
The Treaty of Versailles was either a treaty of peace or a
vengeance for the Germans. In April of 1919, Germany was previously
captured and made to wait in a small house that was surrounded with
barbed wire. 
 The Allied, who captured Germany, wanted to make a peace treaty 
to end the fighting. The Germans agreed, but they wanted a treaty that 
was based on the Fourteen Points but obviously they were not going to 
get it because of the way they were treated; the barbed wire was 
unnecessary and "should have tipped them off to what lay ahead."
When the treaty was first introduced to the Germans, they declined
to sign it. It forced the Germans to accept full responsibility for 
the war and strip themselves of its colonies, coal fields, and the 
provinces of Alsace and Lorraine. It also made them pay outrageous 
reparations to the Allies. Nevertheless, on June 28, 1919, the Germans 
reluctantly signed the treaty because the Allies refused to change one 
word. Out of the $33 billion dollars the Germans had to pay for 
damages, the country was only able to pay $4.5 billion of it.
 The terms of the Treaty of Versailles helped set the stage for
another world war less than 20 years later because the Allied wanted 
to stop Germany from ever becoming imperialistic again and still have 
them pay the war reparations. Germany opposed these actions and was 
the most effected by the terms of the Versailles Treaty. Germany got 
the blunt end of the war and was desperate to find a new leader to get 
out of their depression. That leader was Adolf Hitler. World War I was 
won by the Allied in which a formal agreement was made called the 
Versailles Treaty. It both brought peace and war in the coming years. 
Due to the harsh life styles it forced Germany to live, World War II 
broke out within twenty years time from the treaty.



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