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Salvador Dali

 

Salvador Dali was born on May 11, 1904. He was a leader in
the new movement of art in the early 20th century called
Surrealism. In 1921 Dali studied at the San Fernando
Acadamy of Fine Arts in Madrid. Here he was able to
associate and learn from such Spanish modernists as Fedrico
Garcia Lorca, and Luis Bundel. He also was influenced by
Italian futurists and the metaphysical paintings of Giorgio
de Chirico. In his early works, however, Dali gave credit
to his own Catalan sense of fantasy and his megalomania as
being his true motivating forces. Dali left the San
Fernando Acadamy of Fine Arts in 1926, and move to Paris
where he frequented the Cafe Cyrano, which was the
"headquarters" of the Parisan surrealists. In 1929 Cafe
Cyrano featured an exhibit of Dali's own surrealist
paintings. Dali was also fascinated with the writings
of psychologist Sigmund Freud. He was so moved by Frued's
theory that he subsequently vowed to his life's ambition to
"systemize confusion". Dali is best known for his
surrealist works. Surrealism is an art style in which
imagery is based on fantasy and the world of dreams. It is
thought have grown out of the French literary movement in
the 1920's and has it's roots in Dadaism. These painters
developed a dreamlike, or hallucinatory, imagery that was
all the more startling for its highly realistic rendering.
Some of Dali's better known paintings are: "Persistence Of
Memory" also know popularly as "Soft Watches" (1931), and
"The Sacrament Of The Last Supper" (1955). These Paintings
have become part of the definitive record of 20th Century
art. Dali used many mediums to illustrate his
inspirations. His most popular of course are his paintings,
but he also used such media as jewelry, advertisements,
beer-bottle designs, ballet sets, and costumes. Dali also
experimented his talents in film as well. In 1928 he and
childhood mentor Luis Bundel produced the famous surrealist
film "Un Chein Andalou" (An Andalusian Dog). He and Bundel
teamed up once again in 1931 for "L'Age d'or" (The Age Of
Gold). Dali was easily recognized all over the world. He
was know for eccentric yet styleish apparel always
accompanied by a flowing cape, and a handlebar mustache,
and popping eyes. Salvador Dali lead a long life in which
he influenced people everywhere he went. In 1989 Dali died
at age 86, a tremendous loss for the art community. 
 



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