The Study of Linguistics
Language changes with history and time. Our perception of words changes. Everything changes, from cooking with fire to cooking with a microwave. Even language changes, examples are accents and books, influential people, and historical occurrences. Accents shows development of culture over time, maybe over a historical occurrence, such as a new country being found, the people living there might adopt the culture of the founders. Language also changes, from using different sounds in words, which are called phonemes. The english language has about 43 different phonemes, such as OH, EE, etc. which make up our language. Different cultures, such as some Indian Tribes, may have more or less phonemes in their language, showing either a lower form of language with less words and sounds or a higher form with only the necessary sounds and words. Also the syntax, also known as grammar, have an effect on the society. There is no 'proper' way to write a book, for example, but just a 'standard' way everyone uses. This may be thought of as the 'proper' way but rebels will use no periods and have one long paragraph in a 400 page book. Maybe the culture says it is mandatory to have everything in one continuous sentence, while others more civilized or advanced will follow the rules to the very letter. Accents also have different languages linked to them. Different letters, phrases, and even a whole new language may be created in the process of learning the language, over time and a metamorphosis to keep up with the changing world. Letters are called graphemes, meaning the 26 letters of the alphabet, more or less in different languages. In inuit for example, every grapheme follows a very obvious pattern of a prefix followed by a certain suffix, a combination of vowels and consonants. For example, there might be a set of the letters r, t, and h, and with the suffixes oo, ot, etc. Different symbols can also be associated with different cultures. The cross is associated with our religion, although it might not be in Tasmania, for example. The newer addition of these symbols helps to understand the concept more clearly, as in television, which is like a talking and showing book. How can language have meaning? Through time it may lose and gain new meaning, through historical occurrences, for example. During the war, a whole new kind of lingo spread like wildfire through the battling nations. The study of how language contains meaning is called semantics, and through this we can see what has occurred and what will occur, like a time machine right before our eyes which we must study to use efficiently. The influence of different people has a major effect on our lives. Our political system, family, friends, this all may adversely affect our lives in ways we might regret. Influential people coining words, for example might 'nuke' a country. George Bush set a world record by saying the most metaphors in his presidential speech after winning. Language might not change obviously with historical occurrences, but it does. The change is obvious in historical occurrences which affect the whole world. The 'meeting' in the Gulf has stirred up an entire planet, maybe starting a war which will devastate the earth. As gas prices rise, everything needing fuel does. The means of communication between two people change, from ignorance to shouting, to whispering, to nothing between the two. Our perception of the concept must be clear before we can actually communicate efficiently, language itself must be understood fully for it to be used fully. Changing with history and time means a whole new environment to live in where we must constantly adapt to our surroundings to survive. Car insurance, for example, was considered a luxury 70 years ago, now it is life and death. The change can be so subtle over time that it hits us so hard we do not expect it, with horrendous results sometimes the outcome. Different cultures have different perceptions of their language, the languages of others, their beliefs about God and their religion, etc. Communication is better if we know more about the second party, the lesser known the better sometimes, as one may not want to communicate with a bunch of motorcycle bandits, for example. Slang may also be considered a different belief, as different cultures have different languages, and slang may be the key that holds them together as their central language with which to communicate. This is not always bad, but sometimes another party has no idea of what they are saying, which causes trouble. Slang is a direct example of how over time we can 'bind' together and create something new, according to our culture and beliefs. Our evolution of language from a simple 'ug' to our advanced system of grammar has changed the world drastically. Communication between countries, people, have had eventually an effect on our lives. As mentioned earlier, there is no 'proper' way to use language. There is a standard way, as slang is a change on the standard, like options on a new car. The standards have changed over time, and are different from culture to culture as a culture's evolution may have played an important part in the culture's future. The proper ways have been stretched, strung out, and hung to dry, in several examples. Slang is a first, while languages developed from different languages also is an example. Latin is the base of many, many languages, and it is also known if you study a language which is very same as one you know, you will learn faster. The standard is changed everyday, as we coin and use new words. Influential people also play a part in our evolution of language. The may use one word that is a habit to them, but do they know they might make a habit for a million people? ten million? The whole world? This is an example in speeches of important people, books of all kinds, etc. Books also may influence our writing in a myriad of ways. Our style, our subjects, our concepts, all may be affected. Not all to the worst, not all to the best. Long time authors with many fans may be surprised at how their die-hard readers have copied their writing style. This also gives people a sense of confidence, as they can write with a famous author. We lose effectiveness in our everyday use of language. For example, it is like walking down a road, with a bag of sand in your arms, and the bag has a hole in it. The sand slowly trickles away, being replaced by something new. The analogy shows how something old in language may be replaced by something new: effectiveness for completeness? effectiveness for new standards? This plagues many people, as one day their ideas which they so meticulously thought out have gone out of style. The standards are called Form Classes. Form Classes are parts of speech, nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc. The rules are not always followed closely, but everything may be categorized into one or two form classes. Adjectives are minor 'extras' in our language. They enrich our language, giving vivid, clear concepts, describing the scene as we may not see it. Without them, we still have language, except a dead language. No one will use it, and it wills slowly fade away. A good example is latin. It is the base to many languages, though it is considered 'a dead' language. The change over time has made many languages unknown. As with latin, there are many so called 'universal' languages, which the creator had the intent for it to be learned worldwide and beyond. Many of these have never caught on like latin, which died before it had a chance to live. Time will strengthen it for its comeback. An example of a 'universal' language is Esperanto. This is similar to spanish, with no exceptions to the rules. Its syntax is good, clear cut and concise. But hardly no one can speak this language, except for those who choose to learn it. A familiarity between spanish and Esperanto is evident although the creator was polish. Perhaps he though the spanish to be a dominant race in the future when he created this language? Or did he want the whole world to come together as one to cooperate and live freely? The perception is different with time and culture, as in the future the spanish will dominate the earth and spanish will die, revealing the undercoating of another language, another culture? People's perception of modern language and the language of old is surprising. In a survey, ninety six percent of the people thought of old language as words like thou, thee, dost, ye, etc. And in the same survey, when an example was given, people followed the example, not reading the question fully. I purposely misworded the phrase to see what people would write. The results are surprising. Only TWO people answered the question right. The others wrote words with the same meaning. like big-large, etc. like in t he example. The reading and the understanding of the question shows how people have developed their understanding over time. As new concepts are developed, used, and used again, a whole new language might be created from it. Names for the new concepts are also created, as with robots. Airplanes, cars, and many other machines are examples. A second generation from that might pronounce things differently, like over here we pronounce 'Levi's' LEE-VIES, while in Europe, they pronounce it LEH-VIS. This shows a change to adapt to their language, french. Language has to expand to take on the new concepts we develop. Historical events, such as wars, have a part in uniting two cultures or destroying two. They can destroy one, leaving them to pick up the pieces and to start over, or bring two together to make a whole new language. This is good in a way, but if a culture is completely destroyed, can it come back to its previous stature? Can it get better? Our perception of phrases can be altered too. As our sense of humor has developed from medieval England, for example, we develop our phrases too. Fred lost a string in the house which was all tied up. What do you see? Fred looking for a knotted string? Or Fred looking at a knotted house? Our perception of this phrase might have been only one, the first one, while today there are millions of possibilities. Language in the form of humor, changes with time. If we were freezed in time right now, and woke up in the year 2090, we would be surprised and shocked to find ourselves there. If we had no way of going home, we wo uld have to stay, and adapt to the new cultures. We have not seen what has transpired before that, so we do not know what to do. But, if we had stayed in 1990 and let our evolution take place, we would have seen everything. In the future this is like learning a new culture all by itself. Language changes with historical occurences and time. Time changes it, the influences of people change it, history changes it. We all live it, and the change everyday is so subtle we often cannot detect it. If we were zapped into the future, we would find it foriegn, because we do not know the language and cultures. Historical influences can unite two cultures, destroy many, make new ones. We all have a different perception of what language is and how it changes, and it might change when we share that information with others, getting their ideas and using our own. Our standards and meanings of words changes too, our sounds and syntax expanding for new concepts. New concepts help us to understand the world, new concepts are made with time and the need for them. Language is a wonderful thing that we all use and change ourselves to our own suits and needs.