Animal Farm: Novel Summary: Chapter 9

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Orwell basically uses chapter 9 to continue the fall of Animal Farm and to foreshadow his dramatic conclusion in chapter 10.  For example, the rations of the everyday lowly animals are again reduced by Napoleon and the elite.   "A too rigid equality in rations, Squealer explained, would have been contrary to the principles of Animalism."  Of course this comment is taken totally out of context since the principles of Animalism guarantee equality of all animals.  But the animals have been too well brainwashed by the pigs; the rules of the revolution have long since passed.    Orwell writes, "Truth to tell, Jones and all he stood for had almost faded out of their memories." 

Another not so startling however sad fact is the new rule about who has the right-of-way when a pig and another animal encounter each other on a path.   The other animals are forced to stand to one side while the pigs, who "were to have the privilege of wearing green ribbons on their tails on Sunday's" can walk right by.  (In regards to the ribbons, now Mollie doesn't seem so bad after all.)  

The next bizarre event is Moses' sudden and unexplained return.   This raven and former friend of Mr. Jones now seems to feel right at home telling the animals about SugarCandy Mountainto keep them working.  What links the parallel between Napoleon and Jones even further is the fact that Moses is paid by Napoleon in beer. ( For the symbolism of Moses and SugarCandy Mountain, click on the side links.)  

Last in the chapter is the touching yet destined death of Boxer.   After working so long for his master (dictator) Napoleon, any reader could have guessed the outcome.  The troubling part, however, is the way Napoleon and the pigs handle his death.  Instead of letting him enter his leisurely retirement, they force him into a glue-making truck and then lie about it to the other animals.  Squealer says that Boxer has died in a hospital bed, despite receiving the best possible care (obviously a lie). 

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